The Anthropocene: a conspicuous stratigraphical signal of anthropogenic changes in production and consumption across the biosphere
Williams, Mark1; Zalasiewicz, Jan1; Waters, Colin N.2; Edgeworth, Matt3; Bennett, Carys1; Barnosky, Anthony D.4; Ellis, Erle C.5; Ellis, Michael A.2; Cearreta, Alejandro6; Haff, Peter K.7; Ivar do Sul, Juliana A.; Leinfelder, Reinhold8; McNeill, John R.9; Odada, Eric10; Oreskes, Naomi11; Revkin, Andrew12; Richter, Daniel deB7; Steffen, Will13; Summerhayes, Colin14; Syvitski, James P.15; Vidas, Davor16; Wagreich, Michael17; Wing, Scott L.18; Wolfe, Alexander P.19; An Zhisheng20
2016-03-01
发表期刊EARTHS FUTURE
卷号4期号:3页码:34-53
文章类型Review
摘要Biospheric relationships between production and consumption of biomass have been resilient to changes in the Earth system over billions of years. This relationship has increased in its complexity, from localized ecosystems predicated on anaerobic microbial production and consumption to a global biosphere founded on primary production from oxygenic photoautotrophs, through the evolution of Eukarya, metazoans, and the complexly networked ecosystems of microbes, animals, fungi, and plants that characterize the Phanerozoic Eon (the last similar to 541 million years of Earth history). At present, one species, Homo sapiens, is refashioning this relationship between consumption and production in the biosphere with unknown consequences. This has left a distinctive stratigraphy of the production and consumption of biomass, of natural resources, and of produced goods. This can be traced through stone tool technologies and geochemical signals, later unfolding into a diachronous signal of technofossils and human bioturbation across the planet, leading to stratigraphically almost isochronous signals developing by the mid-20th century. These latter signals may provide an invaluable resource for informing and constraining a formal Anthropocene chronostratigraphy, but are perhaps yet more important as tracers of a biosphere state that is characterized by a geologically unprecedented pattern of global energy flow that is now pervasively influenced and mediated by humans, and which is necessary for maintaining the complexity of modern human societies.
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1002/2015EF000339
关键词[WOS]NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ; HUMAN APPROPRIATION ; MASS EXTINCTION ; FOSSIL RECORD ; CARBON-CYCLE ; NITROGEN-CYCLE ; FIRE REGIMES ; LAND PLANTS ; EVOLUTION ; RADIATION
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS类目Environmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000374853600001
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5778
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
作者单位1.Univ Leicester, Dept Geol, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England
2.British Geol Survey, Ctr Environm Sci, Nottingham NG12 5GG, England
3.Univ Leicester, Sch Archaeol & Ancient Hist, Leicester, Leics, England
4.Univ Calif Berkeley, Museum Vertebrate Zool, Museum Paleontol, Dept Integrat Biol, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
5.Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Dept Geog & Environm Syst, Baltimore, MD 21228 USA
6.Univ Pais Vasco UPV EHU, Fac Ciencia & Tecnol, Dept Estratig & Paleontol, Bilbao, Spain
7.Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Div Earth & Ocean Sci, Durham, NC 27708 USA
8.Free Univ Berlin, Dept Geol Sci, Berlin, Germany
9.Georgetown Univ, Washington, DC USA
10.Univ Nairobi, Dept Geol, Nairobi, Kenya
11.Harvard Univ, Dept Hist Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
12.Pace Univ, Dyson Coll Inst Sustainabil & Environm, Pleasantville, NY USA
13.Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT, Australia
14.Univ Cambridge, Scott Polar Res Inst, Cambridge CB2 1ER, England
15.Univ Colorado, Boulder Campus, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
16.Fridtjof Nansen Inst Polhogda, Marine Affairs & Law Sea Programme, Lysaker, Norway
17.Univ Vienna, Dept Geodynam & Sedimentol, Vienna, Austria
18.Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20560 USA
19.Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M7, Canada
20.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Peoples R China
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Williams, Mark,Zalasiewicz, Jan,Waters, Colin N.,et al. The Anthropocene: a conspicuous stratigraphical signal of anthropogenic changes in production and consumption across the biosphere[J]. EARTHS FUTURE,2016,4(3):34-53.
APA Williams, Mark.,Zalasiewicz, Jan.,Waters, Colin N..,Edgeworth, Matt.,Bennett, Carys.,...&An Zhisheng.(2016).The Anthropocene: a conspicuous stratigraphical signal of anthropogenic changes in production and consumption across the biosphere.EARTHS FUTURE,4(3),34-53.
MLA Williams, Mark,et al."The Anthropocene: a conspicuous stratigraphical signal of anthropogenic changes in production and consumption across the biosphere".EARTHS FUTURE 4.3(2016):34-53.
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