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Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary recordsin the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transportation
Wang,JL(Wang,Jinlong)1; Baskaran,M(Baskaran, Mark)2; Hou,XL(Hou,Xiaolin)2,4; Du,JZ(Du,Jinzhou)1; Zhang,J(Zhang,Jing)1; Du,Jinzhou
2017-05-15
Source PublicationEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume466Issue:2017Pages:32-42
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractConcentrations and isotopic compositions of plutonium (Pu) are widely used for its source identification and to determine transport processes of Pu-associated particulate matter and water. We investigated the concentrations of 239Pu and 240Pu and their ratios in a number of sediment samples from the East China Sea (ECS) collected in the summer of 2013 (August 6-28). The 239+240Pu activity concentrations in surface sediment samples were found to range between 0.048 and 0.492 Bq kg-1 and the 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios showed a similar trend as that of the 239, 240Pu activities; the Pu atom ratios ranged from 0.158 to 0.297 and were mostly higher than the mean global fallout value of 0.18. The 239, 240Pu inventories in the ECS varied widely, from 2 to 807 Bq m-2, with the highest values commonly found in the coastal areas. In the Yangtze Estuary, the mean 239+240Pu activity concentration is close to the estimated value of the suspended material from the Yangtze River catchment (0.18 Bq kg-1), and the 240Pu/239Pu atom ratio was found to be ∼0.18, which indicates that the Yangtze River input is the dominant source of Pu for this area. The total annual Yangtze River input of 239+240Pu was estimated to be 2.4 ×1010 Bq, which is small compared to the total amount of 239+240Pu buried, 3.1 ×1013 Bq in the whole ECS. The Pacific Proving Ground input appears to be the dominant source of Pu to the ECS, accounting for 45%-52% of the total inventory. The fractional amount of 239+240Pu scavenged from the total 239+240Pu transported by the Kuroshio Current (KC) and Taiwan Warm Current (TWC) into ECS sediments is estimated to be ∼10%. Our study shows that the 240Pu/239Pu atom ratio is useful not only to obtain a better insight of the biogeochemistry influenced by the KC, but also to trace the long-range transport of other particle-reactive species. Besides, the sedimentation rates obtained based on the penetration depths of 239+240Pu and vertical profiles of excess 210Pb agree within uncertainties, which suggests that 239+240Pu can potentially be used as a chronostratigraphic time marker in the marine environment.
KeywordEast China Sea Plutonium Isotopic Ratio Sediment Transportation Mass Balance
DOI10.1016/j.epsl.2017.03.005
Indexed BySCI
Project Number2011CB409801 ; OCE-1237059 ; 201406140049
Language英语
Funding OrganizationMinistry of Science andTechnology of PR China ; Ministry of Science andTechnology of PR China ; the U.S. National Science Foundation ; the U.S. National Science Foundation ; China Scholarship Council ; China Scholarship Council ; Fund of ECNU for Overseas Scholars ; Fund of ECNU for Overseas Scholars
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Cited Times:17[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5599
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorDu,Jinzhou
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, PR China
2.Department of Geology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 48202-3622, USA
3.Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Roskilde 4000, Denmark
4.Xi’an AMS Center, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, 710061, Xi’an, PR China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang,JL,Baskaran,M,Hou,XL,et al. Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary recordsin the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transportation[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2017,466(2017):32-42.
APA Wang,JL,Baskaran,M,Hou,XL,Du,JZ,Zhang,J,&Du,Jinzhou.(2017).Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary recordsin the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transportation.Earth and Planetary Science Letters,466(2017),32-42.
MLA Wang,JL,et al."Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary recordsin the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transportation".Earth and Planetary Science Letters 466.2017(2017):32-42.
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