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Characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges
Li, Lijuan1,2,3; Ho, Steven Sai Hang1,2,4; Chow, Judith C.4; Watson, John G.4; Lee, Frank S. C.5; Cui, Long5; Gao, Yuan6; Dai, Wenting1,2; Ho, Kin Fai7; Huang, Yu1,2; Cao, Junji1,2
2017-11-01
Source PublicationCHEMOSPHERE
Volume186Issue:2017Pages:438-445
SubtypeArticle
AbstractPM2.5 samples were collected at six indoor public places that contained dedicated smoking lounges. Samples were taken in the smoking lounges, at two indoor locations outside of the lounges, and in outdoor air near the venues. Organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and non-polar organic compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), n-alkanes (n-C-16 to n-C-40), iso/ianteiso-alkanes (C-29 to C-33), hopanes and phthalate esters (PAEs) were quantified. Average PM2.5 levels of 170.2 +/- 85.9 mu g/m(3) in the lounges exceeded limits of 25 mu g/m(3) set by World Health Organization (WHO); these levels were 5.4 and 3.9 times higher than those indoors and outdoors, respectively. High ratios of OC to PM2.5, OC to EC, and PAHs diagnostic ratios in the lounges indicated contributions from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The maximum carbon number (C-max) and carbon preference indices (CPI) for n-alkanes showed ETS transport from the enclosed lounges to nearby indoor non-smoking areas. Iso/anteiso-alkanes in the lounges were 876.5 ng/m(3), similar to 80 times higher than outdoor levels. 17 alpha(H)-21 beta(H),30-norhopane and 17 alpha(H)-21 beta(H),(22R)-homohopane were much higher in the lounges than outdoor air, but they cannot be directly attributed to ETS. Estimated carcinogenic risks of PAHs in the lounges exceeded the acceptable level of 10(-6). (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordEnvironmental Tobacco Smoke Indoor Public Places Smoking-free Policy Pm2.5 Pahs Iso/anteiso-alkanes
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.08.006
WOS KeywordENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE ; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; PORT THERMAL-DESORPTION ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; AIR-POLLUTION ; LUNG-CANCER ; CARBONACEOUS AEROSOLS ; DIAGNOSTIC RATIOS ; SOURCE PROFILES ; EXPOSURE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000411846900051
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5420
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Desert Res Inst, Div Atmospher Sci, Reno, NV USA
5.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
6.Chu Hai Coll Higher Educ, Dept Civil Engn, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Jockey Club Sch Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Lijuan,Ho, Steven Sai Hang,Chow, Judith C.,et al. Characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges[J]. CHEMOSPHERE,2017,186(2017):438-445.
APA Li, Lijuan.,Ho, Steven Sai Hang.,Chow, Judith C..,Watson, John G..,Lee, Frank S. C..,...&Cao, Junji.(2017).Characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges.CHEMOSPHERE,186(2017),438-445.
MLA Li, Lijuan,et al."Characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges".CHEMOSPHERE 186.2017(2017):438-445.
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