IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Quantifying the effects of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation in Europe
Marquer, Laurent1,2,5; Gaillard, Marie-Jose2; Sugita, Shinya3; Poska, Anneli1,4; Trondman, Anna-Kari2; Mazier, Florence5; Nielsen, Anne Birgitte1,6; Fyfe, Ralph M.7; Jonsson, Anna Maria1; Smith, Benjamin1; Kaplan, Jed O.8; Alenius, Teija9,10; Birks, H. John B.11,12,13; Bjune, Anne E.11,12,14; Christiansen, Jorg15; Dodson, John16,17; Edwards, Kevin J.18,19,20; Giesecke, Thomas15; Herzschuh, Ulrike21,22; Kangur, Mihkel3; Koff, Tiiu3; Latalowa, Maligorzata23; Lechterbeck, Jutta24; Olofsson, Jorgen1; Seppa, Heikki25
AbstractEarly agriculture can be detected in palaeovegetation records, but quantification of the relative importance of climate and land use in influencing regional vegetation composition since the onset of agriculture is a topic that is rarely addressed. We present a novel approach that combines pollen-based REVEALS estimates of plant cover with climate, anthropogenic land-cover and dynamic vegetation modelling results. This is used to quantify the relative impacts of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation at a sub-continental scale, i.e. northern and western Europe north of the Alps. We use redundancy analysis and variation partitioning to quantify the percentage of variation in vegetation composition explained by the climate and land-use variables, and Monte Carlo permutation tests to assess the statistical significance of each variable. We further use a similarity index to combine pollen based REVEALS estimates with climate-driven dynamic vegetation modelling results. The overall results indicate that climate is the major driver of vegetation when the Holocene is considered as a whole and at the sub-continental scale, although land use is important regionally. Four critical phases of land-use effects on vegetation are identified. The first phase (from 7000 to 6500 BP) corresponds to the early impacts on vegetation of farming and Neolithic forest clearance and to the dominance of climate as a driver of vegetation change. During the second phase (from 4500 to 4000 BP), land use becomes a major control of vegetation. Climate is still the principal driver, although its influence decreases gradually. The third phase (from 2000 to 1500 BP) is characterised by the continued role of climate on vegetation as a consequence of late-Holocene climate shifts and specific climate events that influence vegetation as well as land use. The last phase (from 500 to 350 BP) shows an acceleration of vegetation changes, in particular during the last century, caused by new farming practices and forestry in response to population growth and industrialization. This is a unique signature of anthropogenic impact within the Holocene but European vegetation remains climatically sensitive and thus may continue to respond to ongoing climate change. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordClimate Holocene Human Impact Land Use Lpj-guess Europe Pollen Reveals Vegetation Composition
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000410869400002
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Lund Univ, Dept Phys Geog & Ecosyst Sci, Lund, Sweden
2.Linnaeus Univ, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Linkoping, Sweden
3.Tallinn Univ, Inst Ecol, Tallinn, Estonia
4.Tallinn Univ Technol, Inst Geol, Tallinn, Estonia
5.Univ Toulouse Jean Jaures, UMR CNRS 5602, GEODE, Toulouse, France
6.Lund Univ, Dept Geol, Lund, Sweden
7.Univ Plymouth, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Plymouth, Devon, England
8.Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, ARVE, Lausanne, Switzerland
9.Univ Helsinki, Dept Philosophy Hist Culture & Art Studies, Helsinki, Finland
10.Univ Turku, Dept Archaeol, Turku, Finland
11.Univ Bergen, Dept Biol, Bergen, Norway
12.Univ Bergen, Bjerknes Ctr Climate Res, Bergen, Norway
13.UCL, Environm Change Res Ctr, London, England
14.Uni Res Climate, Bergen, Norway
15.Univ Gottingen, Albrecht von Haller Institute Plant Sci, Dept Palynol & Climate Dynam, Gottingen, Germany
16.Univ Wollongong, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
17.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
18.Univ Aberdeen, Sch Geosci, Dept Geog & Environm, Aberdeen, Scotland
19.Univ Aberdeen, Sch Geosci, Dept Archaeol, Aberdeen, Scotland
20.Univ Cambridge, Clare Hall, Cambridge, England
21.Univ Potsdam, Alfred Wegener Inst Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
22.Univ Potsdam, Inst Geowissensch, Potsdam, Germany
23.Univ Gdansk, Dept Plant Ecol, Lab Palaeoecol & Archaebot, Gdansk, Poland
24.Univ Stavanger, Arkeologisk Museum, Stavanger, Norway
25.Univ Helsinki, Dept Geosci & Geog, Helsinki, Finland
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Marquer, Laurent,Gaillard, Marie-Jose,Sugita, Shinya,et al. Quantifying the effects of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation in Europe[J]. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,2017,171(2017):20-37.
APA Marquer, Laurent.,Gaillard, Marie-Jose.,Sugita, Shinya.,Poska, Anneli.,Trondman, Anna-Kari.,...&Seppa, Heikki.(2017).Quantifying the effects of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation in Europe.QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,171(2017),20-37.
MLA Marquer, Laurent,et al."Quantifying the effects of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation in Europe".QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 171.2017(2017):20-37.
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