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Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Microorganisms in Guangzhou during Summer
Chen, XY (Chen, Xinyu)[ 1,2 ]; Ran, PX (Ran, Pixin)[ 1 ]; Ho, KF (Ho, Kinfai)[ 3,4 ]; Lu, WJ (Lu, Wenju)[ 1,5,6 ]; Li, B (Li, Bing)[ 1 ]; Gu, ZP (Gu, Zhongpeng)[ 7 ]; Song, CJ (Song, Chaojie)[ 8 ]; Wang, J (Wang, Jian)[ 1,5 ]
2012-12-30
发表期刊AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH
卷号12期号:6页码:1336-1344
文章类型期刊论文
摘要

The concentrations and size distributions of airborne microorganisms were determined for outdoor air samples collected with cascade impactors on hazy summer days in Guangzhou. The percentage of airborne bacteria was markedly higher than that of fungi, and the concentrations of bacteria were much higher in a densely populated area (Guangzhou Medical College) than in a clean area (Guangzhou Liuhua Lake Park) or one with heavy traffic (Dongfengxilu Road). Moreover, the concentrations of bacteria at 8:00 and 23:00 were higher than those at 12:00 and 17:00. Sixteen species of bacteria belonging to eight genera were identified, and all were opportunistic pathogens. Of these, 11 species from four genera were Gram-positive, and five species from four genera were Gram-negative. Staphylococcus, Bacillus, Enterobacter, and Serratia were the dominant bacterial genera, and the most abundant species were Staphylococcus hominis (8-58%) and Staphylococcus lugdunensis (14 to 35%). Size distribution studies showed that 36 to 76% of the microorganisms deposited on stages 3 to 6 of the sampler (0.65-4.7 mu m aerodynamic equivalent diameter), and particles of this size could penetrate the lower respiratory tract of humans.

关键词Microbial Aerosol Bacterial Community Composition Size Distribution Clean Area Densely Populated Area Traffic Dense Area
DOI10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0066
收录类别SCIE ; EI
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10185
专题粉尘与环境研究室
通讯作者Chen, XY (Chen, Xinyu)[ 1,2 ]
作者单位1.State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital,Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China;
2.Department of Pathogenic Biology, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China;
3.Key Lab of Aerosol, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710043, China;
4.School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong;
5.Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore,Maryland 21205, USA;
6.Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182,China;
7.Bureau of Education of Guangzhou Municipality, Guangzhou 510030, China;
8.Preventive Medicine Grade2005, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China
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GB/T 7714
Chen, XY ,Ran, PX ,Ho, KF ,et al. Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Microorganisms in Guangzhou during Summer[J]. AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH,2012,12(6):1336-1344.
APA Chen, XY .,Ran, PX .,Ho, KF .,Lu, WJ .,Li, B .,...&Wang, J .(2012).Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Microorganisms in Guangzhou during Summer.AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH,12(6),1336-1344.
MLA Chen, XY ,et al."Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Microorganisms in Guangzhou during Summer".AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH 12.6(2012):1336-1344.
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