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Lead concentrations in fine particulate matter after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Xi’an, China
Xu, HM (Xu, H. M.)1; Cao, JJ (Cao, J.J.)1,2; Ho, KF (Ho, K. F.)1; Ding, H (Ding, H.)3; Han, YM (Han, Y. M.)1; Wang, GH (Wang, G. H.)1; Chow, JC (Chow, J.C.)1,4; Watson, JG (Watson, J. G.)1,4; Khol, SD (Khol, S. D.)4; Qiang, J (Qiang, J.)5; Li, WT (Li, W. T.)5
2012-01-30
Source PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume46Pages:217-224
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Daily concentrations of lead (Pb) were determined for PM2.5 samples collected from an urban location in Xi’an, China from 2007 to 2009 to assess the effects of the phasing out of leaded gasoline in 2000. The Pb concentrations (annual average: 0.306 μg m−3, range: below detection limit to 2.631 μg m−3) have declined after the phasing out of leaded gasoline, but the concentrations were still higher than those reported in many other cities. Seasonal variations of Pb were significant, with high concentrations in winter, presumably due to the burning of coal, and low concentrations in summer, due to a deep mixed layer and scavenging of aerosols by precipitation. Correlation analyses and enrichment factor calculations both indicated that anthropogenic sources had a large influence on atmospheric Pb. The lead isotope ratios were low in winter (the average 207Pb/206Pb ratio was 0.843 ± 0.032; 208Pb/206Pb was 1.908 ± 0.058) and high in summer (207Pb/206Pb was 0.860 ± 0.032; 208Pb/206Pb was 2.039 ± 0.057), suggesting that coal combustion was the major Pb source in winter and vehicular emission was the major Pb source in summer. Positive Matrix Factorization receptor model indicated that there were five major sources for Pb in PM2.5. Coal combustion was the major contributor, accounting for 39.0% PM2.5 mass, followed by vehicular emissions (30.4%). Other contributors included 17.8% from industrial emissions, 11.6% from biomass burning, and 1.2% from fugitive dust.

KeywordLead Concentration Lead Isotope Pm2.5 Source Apportionment Xi’an
DOI10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.09.078
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:85[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10127
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorCao, JJ (Cao, J.J.)1,2
Affiliation1.SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an, China;
2.Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China;
3.Chang’an University, Xi’an, China;
4.Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, USA;
5.Xi’an Environmental Monitoring Station, Xi’an, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, HM (Xu, H. M.)1,Cao, JJ (Cao, J.J.)1,2,Ho, KF (Ho, K. F.)1,等. Lead concentrations in fine particulate matter after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Xi’an, China[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2012,46:217-224.
APA Xu, HM .,Cao, JJ .,Ho, KF .,Ding, H .,Han, YM .,...&Li, WT .(2012).Lead concentrations in fine particulate matter after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Xi’an, China.Atmospheric Environment,46,217-224.
MLA Xu, HM ,et al."Lead concentrations in fine particulate matter after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Xi’an, China".Atmospheric Environment 46(2012):217-224.
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