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Controls on seasonal variations of silicate weathering and CO2 consumption in, two river catchments on the NE Tibetan Plateau
Zhang, F (Zhang, Fei)[ 1,2 ]; Jin, ZD (Jin, Zhangdong)[ 1,3 ]; Li, FC (Li, Fuchun)[ 4 ]; Yu, JM (Yu, Jinmin)[ 5 ]; Xiao, J (Xiao, Jun)[ 1 ]
2013-01-30
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES
Volume62Issue:SIPages:547-560
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Water samples from the Buha and Shaliu Rivers, located on the semi-arid northeastern Tibetan Plateau, were collected weekly over a one year period. The major ionic compositions of water samples were measured and the daily contents of suspended particulate material (SPM) were monitored in both rivers in order to investigate the influence of lithology, climate and physical erosion on seasonal silicate weathering. In the Shaliu River, weathering of trace amounts of calcite contributes more than 50% of the ca(2+) and HCO3- to the river water. Through high-resolution variations of Ca2+ concentrations and elemental ratios, the signal of carbonate precipitation is captured at the end of monsoon in this river. The measured physical erosion rate is only 8.7-16.0 mm/kyr in this semi-arid region, which is 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than that in the Himalaya and nearby regions. In contrast with several orders of magnitude in seasonal variations of silicate weathering rates in both catchments, the distinct lithology between the catchments only leads to a 15 times difference of annual net CO2 consumption. The correlation analysis shows that seasonal silicate weathering is strongly dependent on water discharge in the semi-arid area. The most important observation is that, unrecognized by the previous studies, both physical erosion rate and air temperature exhibit two distinct trends with silicate weathering rates (and net CO2 consumption) during the years. The two trends might suggest that temperature plays a more important role on the CO2 consumption rate before the mid-monsoon under a condition of low water discharge than that after the monsoon with a high water discharge. During the period before the mid-monsoon, the relationship between temperature and silicate weathering rate exhibits higher activation energy than after the mid-monsoon, suggesting a greater dissolution of uneasily weatherable minerals from groundwater, frozen soil, and/or dust input. The relationship between erosion and weathering during the period before the mid-monsoon indicates a faster increase of silicate weathering rate, because freezing erosion produces large amount of high surface area minerals.

KeywordWeathering Erosion Climate Lithology Co2 Consumption Seasonal Variation
DOI10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.11.004
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10049
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorJin, ZD (Jin, Zhangdong)[ 1,3 ]
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
3.School of Human Settlement and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
4.College of Resources and Environmental Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
5.Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, F ,Jin, ZD ,Li, FC ,et al. Controls on seasonal variations of silicate weathering and CO2 consumption in, two river catchments on the NE Tibetan Plateau[J]. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,2013,62(SI):547-560.
APA Zhang, F ,Jin, ZD ,Li, FC ,Yu, JM ,&Xiao, J .(2013).Controls on seasonal variations of silicate weathering and CO2 consumption in, two river catchments on the NE Tibetan Plateau.JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,62(SI),547-560.
MLA Zhang, F ,et al."Controls on seasonal variations of silicate weathering and CO2 consumption in, two river catchments on the NE Tibetan Plateau".JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES 62.SI(2013):547-560.
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