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Geochemical and isotopic characteristics of shallow groundwater within the Lake Qinghai catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau
Xiao, J (Xiao, Jun)[ 1 ]; Jin, ZD (Jin, Zhangdong)[ 1 ]; Zhang, F (Zhang, Fei)[ 1 ]
2013-11-05
Source PublicationQUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
Volume313-314Pages:62-73
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Major ions, isotopic ratios of strontium (Sr-87/Sr-86), hydrogen (delta D) and oxygen (delta O-18) of groundwater samples were analyzed to decipher spatial variation, controlling factors, solute sources, and the recharge source of shallow groundwaters within the Lake Qinghai catchment. Shallow groundwaters in this area are slightly alkaline, with 97% being fresh water of good quality, though there are high concentrations of nitrate and sulfide in Buha and lakeside groundwaters. Most of the shallow groundwaters are of the Ca2+-HCO3- type, whereas part of groundwaters surrounding the lake (LS) belongs to the Na+-Cl- type as lake water (QHL). Groundwater geochemistry is controlled by regional lithological association, ion exchange, and mineral precipitation. The dissolved Sr concentrations and Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios vary from 1.0 to 15.6 mu mol/L, and from 0.709859 to 0.715779, respectively. The first quantitative calculation in groundwater using a forward model shows that 40% of dissolved Sr is from carbonate weathering, 33% from evaporite dissolution, 17% from silicate weathering, and the remainder from atmospheric input for the whole catchment. Carbonate weathering dominates groundwater geochemistry in Shaliu (SL), Hargai (HG) and Buha (BR) samples, while evaporite dissolution dominates LS and Daotang (DT) samples. delta D and delta O-18 data show that rain water is the major recharge source of both river water and shallow groundwater within the Lake Qinghai catchment. Qinghai Lake water is characterized by Buha-type water, but its Sr geochemistry is different from the shallow groundwater due to carbonate precipitation. Although shallow groundwater contributes similar to 5% of the dissolved Sr to the QHL, groundwater must be taken into account when the chemistry and budget of lake water are characterized.

DOI10.1016/j.quaint.2013.05.033
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
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Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10018
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorJin, ZD (Jin, Zhangdong)[ 1 ]
AffiliationState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 10 Fenghui South Road,Xi’an High-Tech Zone, Xi’an 710075, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiao, J ,Jin, ZD ,Zhang, F . Geochemical and isotopic characteristics of shallow groundwater within the Lake Qinghai catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2013,313-314:62-73.
APA Xiao, J ,Jin, ZD ,&Zhang, F .(2013).Geochemical and isotopic characteristics of shallow groundwater within the Lake Qinghai catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,313-314,62-73.
MLA Xiao, J ,et al."Geochemical and isotopic characteristics of shallow groundwater within the Lake Qinghai catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 313-314(2013):62-73.
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