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Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality
Shang, Y (Shang, Yu)[ 1 ]; Sun, ZW (Sun, Zhiwei)[ 2 ]; Cao, JJ (Cao, Junji)[ 3 ]; Wang, XM (Wang, Xinming)[ 4 ]; Zhong, LJ (Zhong, Liuju)[ 5 ]; Bi, XH (Bi, Xinhui)[ 4 ]; Li, H (Li, Hong)[ 6 ]; Liu, WX (Liu, Wenxin)[ 7 ]; Zhu, T (Zhu, Tong)[ 8,9 ]; Huang, W (Huang, Wei)[ 8,10 ]
2013-04-30
发表期刊ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
卷号54页码:100-111
文章类型期刊论文
摘要

Health effects attributable to air pollution exposure in Chinese population have been least understood. The authors conducted a meta-analysis on 33 time-series and case-crossover studies conducted in China to assess mortality effects of short-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters less than 10 and 2.5 mu m (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O-3) and carbon monoxide (CO). Significant associations between air pollution exposure and increased mortality risks were observed in the pooled estimates for all pollutants of interest. In specific, each 10 mu g/m(3) increase in PM2.5 was askwiated with a 0.38% (95% Confidence Interval, CI: 0.31, 0.45) increase in total mortality, a 0.51% (95% CI: 0.30, 0.73) in respiratory mortality, and a 0.44% (95% CI: 033, 0.54) in cardiovascular mortality. When current annual PM2.5 levels in mega-Chinese cities to be reduced to the WHO Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 mu g/m(3), mortality attributable to short-term exposure to PM2.5 could be reduced by 2.7%, 1.7%, 2.3%, and 62% in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xi'an, respectively. The authors recommend future studies on the nature of air pollution concentration and health effect relationships in Chinese population to support setting stringent air quality standards to improve public health.

关键词Meta-analysis Air Pollution Mortality Exposure–response Relationship Health Impact Assessment China
DOI10.1016/j.envint.2013.01.010
收录类别SCI ; EI
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:142[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9987
专题粉尘与环境研究室
通讯作者Huang, W (Huang, Wei)[ 8,10 ]
作者单位1.Institute of Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China;
2.School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China;
3.Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanxi Province 710075, China;
4.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangdong Province 510640, China;
5.Guangdong Environmental Monitoring Center, Guangdong Province 510308, China;
6.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 200012, China;
7.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
8.Centre for Environment and Health, and College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
9.Centre of Environment and Health, Peking University, and School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100871, China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Shang, Y ,Sun, ZW ,Cao, JJ ,et al. Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2013,54:100-111.
APA Shang, Y .,Sun, ZW .,Cao, JJ .,Wang, XM .,Zhong, LJ .,...&Huang, W .(2013).Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality.ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,54,100-111.
MLA Shang, Y ,et al."Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality".ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 54(2013):100-111.
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