IEECAS OpenIR  > 粉尘与环境研究室
Hazardous airborne carbonyls emissions in industrial workplaces in China
Ho, SSH (Ho, Steven Sai Hang)[ 1,2,3 ]; Ip, HSS (Ip, Ho Sai Simon)[ 3 ]; Ho, KF (Ho, Kin Fai)[ 1,4 ]; Ng, LPT (Ng, Louisa Pan Ting)[ 3 ]; Chan, CS (Chan, Chi Sing)[ 4 ]; Dai, WT (Dai, Wen Ting)[ 1 ]; Cao, JJ (Cao, Jun Ji)[ 1 ]
2013-07-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION
Volume63Issue:7Pages:864-877
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

A pilot hazardous airborne carbonyls study was carried out in Hong Kong and the Mainland of China. Workplace air samples in 14 factories of various types of manufacturing and industrial operations were collected and analyzed for a panel of 21 carbonyl compounds. The factories can be classified into five general categories, including food processing, electroplating, textile dyeing, chemical manufacturer, and petroleum refinery. Formaldehyde was invariably the most abundant carbonyl compound among all the workplace air samples, accounting for 22.0-44.0% of the total measured amount of carbonyls on a molar basis. Acetone was also found to be an abundant carbonyl in workplace settings; among the selected industrial sectors, chemical manufacturers' workplaces had the highest percentage (an average of 42.6%) of acetone in the total amount of carbonyls measured in air. Benzaldehyde accounted for an average of 20.5% of the total amount of detected carbonyls in electroplating factories, but its contribution was minor in other industrial workplaces. Long-chain aliphatic carbonyls (C-6-C-10) accounted for a large portion (37.2%) of the total carbonyls in food-processing factories. Glyoxal and methylglyoxal existed at variable levels in the selected workplaces, ranging from 0.2% to 5.5%. The mixing ratio of formaldehyde ranged from 8.6 to 101.2 ppbv in the sampled workplaces. The observed amount of formaldehyde in two paint and wax manufacturers and food-processing factories exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) air quality guideline of 81.8 ppbv. Carcinogenic risks of chronic exposure to formaldehyde and acetaldehyde by the workers were evaluated. The lifetime cancer hazard risks associated with formaldehyde exposure to male and female workers ranged from 2.01x10(-5) to 2.37x10(-4) and 2.68x10(-5) to 3.16x10(-4), respectively. Such elevated risk values suggest that the negative health impact of formaldehyde exposure represents a valid concern, and proper actions should be taken to protect workers from such risks. Implications: Many carbonyl species (e.g., formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein) are air toxins and they pose public health risks. The scope of this investigation covers 21 types of carbonyls based on samples collected from 14 different workplaces. Findings of the study will not only provide a comprehensive assessment of indoor air quality with regard to workers' healthy and safety, but also establish a theoretical foundation for future formulation of intervention strategies to reduce occupational carbonyl exposures. No similar study has been carried out either in Hong Kong or the Mainland of China.

DOI10.1080/10962247.2013.797519
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9923
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorHo, SSH (Ho, Steven Sai Hang)[ 1,2,3 ]
Affiliation1.SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment Chinese Academy of Sciences , Xi'an , China;
2.Division of Atmospheric Sciences , Desert Research Institute , Reno , Nevada , UnitedStates;
3.Hong Kong Premium Services and Research Laboratory , Chai Wan , Hong Kong , China;
4.Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care , The Chinese University of HongKong , Hong Kong , China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ho, SSH ,Ip, HSS ,Ho, KF ,et al. Hazardous airborne carbonyls emissions in industrial workplaces in China[J]. JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION,2013,63(7):864-877.
APA Ho, SSH .,Ip, HSS .,Ho, KF .,Ng, LPT .,Chan, CS .,...&Cao, JJ .(2013).Hazardous airborne carbonyls emissions in industrial workplaces in China.JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION,63(7),864-877.
MLA Ho, SSH ,et al."Hazardous airborne carbonyls emissions in industrial workplaces in China".JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION 63.7(2013):864-877.
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