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New 400e320 ka Gigantopithecus blacki remains from Hejiang Cave,Chongzuo City, Guangxi, South China
Zhang,YQ(Zhang,Yingqi)[1]; Jin,CZ(Jin,Changzhu)[1]; Cai,YJ(Cai,Yanjun)[2]; Kono,R(Kono,Reiko)[3]; Wang,W(Wang,Wei)[4]; Wang,Y(Wang,Yuan)[1]; Zhu,M(Zhu,Min)[1]; Yan,YL(Yan,Yaling)[1]
2014-10-15
Source PublicationQuaternary International
Volume354Pages:35-45
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Gigantopithecus blacki is a typical member of the StegodoneAiluropoda faunal complex (sensu lato) that inhabited southern China or, more broadly, mainland Southeast Asia during the Early and Middle Pleistocene. Current evidence indicates that the giant ape became extinct during the Middle Pleistocene. Recently, new remains of G blacki and associated mammalian fossils have been unearthed from a karst cave site, Hejiang Cave, in Chongzuo City, Guangxi, South China. The age of the Gigantopithecus-bearing depositional unit is estimated to be 400e320 ka using 230The234U disequilibrium U-series dating of flowstone samples bracketing the deposits. These finds document the latest occurrence of Gigantopithecus and provide potential insights regarding its extinction. Comparisons of dental dimensions between the Hejiang G. blacki remains, more than four hundred isolated teeth from Early Pleistocene localities, and over ninety isolated teeth from local drugstores show that the Hejiang teeth are slightly larger in their buccolingual dimensions. In addition, the crowns of the three unerupted upper premolars differ from those of all of the other Gigantopithecus material in having more complex crenulations. The differences in dental dimensions and morphology are possibly reflective of dietary responses to environmental changes that eventually led to the extinction of Gigantopithecus.

DOI10.1016/j.quaint.2013.12.008
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:23[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9876
Collection现代环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorZhang,YQ(Zhang,Yingqi)[1]
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China;
3.Division of Human Evolution, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba 305-0005, Japan;
4.Guangxi Museum of Nationalities, Nanning 530021, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang,YQ,Jin,CZ,Cai,YJ,et al. New 400e320 ka Gigantopithecus blacki remains from Hejiang Cave,Chongzuo City, Guangxi, South China[J]. Quaternary International,2014,354:35-45.
APA Zhang,YQ.,Jin,CZ.,Cai,YJ.,Kono,R.,Wang,W.,...&Yan,YL.(2014).New 400e320 ka Gigantopithecus blacki remains from Hejiang Cave,Chongzuo City, Guangxi, South China.Quaternary International,354,35-45.
MLA Zhang,YQ,et al."New 400e320 ka Gigantopithecus blacki remains from Hejiang Cave,Chongzuo City, Guangxi, South China".Quaternary International 354(2014):35-45.
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