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Chemical composition of rainwater at Lijiangon the Southeast Tibetan Plateau: influences from variousair mass sources
Zhang,NN(Zhang,Ningning)[1,2]; Cao,JJ(Cao,Junji)[1,3]; He,YQ(He,Yuanqing)[2]; Xiao,S(Xiao,Shun)[1,4,5]
2014-08-08
Source PublicationJ Atmos Chem
Volume71Pages:157-174
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Daily rainwater samples collected at Lijiang in 2009 were analyzed for pH, electrical conductivity, major ion (SO42−, Cl−, NO3−, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, and NH4+) concentrations, and δ18O. The rainwater was alkaline with the volume-weighted mean pH of 6.34 (range: 5.71 to 7.11). Ion concentrations and δ18O during the pre-monsoon period were higher than in the monsoon. Air mass trajectories indicated that water vapor from South Asia was polluted with biomass burning emissions during the pre-monsoon. Precipitation during the monsoon was mainly transported by flow from the Bay of Bengal, and it showed high sea salt ion concentrations. Some precipitation brought by southwest monsoon originated from Burma; it was characterized by low δ18O and low sea salt, indicating that the water vapor from the region was mainly recycled monsoon precipitation. Water vapor from South China contained large quantities of SO42−, NO3−, and NH4+. Throughout the study, Ca2+ was the main neutralizing agent. Positive matrix factorization analysis indicated that crustal dust sources contributed the following percentages of the ions Ca2+ 85 %, Mg2+ 75 %, K+ 61 %, NO3− 32 % and SO42− 21 %. Anthropogenic sources accounted for 79 %, 68 %, and 76 % of the SO42−, NO3− and NH4+, respectively; and approximately 93 %, 99 %, and 37 % of the Cl−, Na+, and K+ were from a sea salt source.

KeywordAlkaline Rain Air Mass Neutralization Pmf Analysis
DOI10.1007/s10874-014-9288-7
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9869
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorZhang,NN(Zhang,Ningning)[1,2]
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Chemistry & Physics, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, ChineseAcademy of Sciences, Xi’an, China;
2.State key Laboratory of Cryspheric science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and EngineeringResearch Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China;
3.Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China;
4.Climate Center of Shaanxi Meteorological Bureau, Xi’an, China;
5.Meteorological Bureau of Baoji Municipality, Baoji, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang,NN,Cao,JJ,He,YQ,et al. Chemical composition of rainwater at Lijiangon the Southeast Tibetan Plateau: influences from variousair mass sources[J]. J Atmos Chem,2014,71:157-174.
APA Zhang,NN,Cao,JJ,He,YQ,&Xiao,S.(2014).Chemical composition of rainwater at Lijiangon the Southeast Tibetan Plateau: influences from variousair mass sources.J Atmos Chem,71,157-174.
MLA Zhang,NN,et al."Chemical composition of rainwater at Lijiangon the Southeast Tibetan Plateau: influences from variousair mass sources".J Atmos Chem 71(2014):157-174.
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