IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Coal utilization in China: environmental impactsand human health
Chen, J (Chen, Jian)[ 1,2,3 ]; Liu, GJ (Liu, Guijian)[ 1,2,3 ]; Kang, Y (Kang, Yu)[ 1,2 ]; Wu, B (Wu, Bin)[ 1,2 ]; Sun, RY (Sun, Ruoyu)[ 1,2 ]; Zhou, CC (Zhou, Chuncai)[ 1,2 ]; Wu, D (Wu, Dun)[ 1,2 ]

Coal is one of the major energy resources in China, accounting for approximately 70 % of primary energy consumption. Many environmental problems and human health risks arise during coal exploitation, utilization, and waste disposal, especially in the remote mountainous areas of western China (e.g., eastern Yunnan, western Guizhou and Hubei, and southern Shaanxi). In this paper, we report a thorough review of the environmental and human health impacts related to coal utilization in China. The abundance of the toxic trace elements such as F, As, Se, and Hg in Chinese coals is summarized. The environmental problems (i.e., water, soil, and air pollution) that are related to coal utilization are outlined. The provenance, distributions, typical symptoms, sources, and possible pathways of endemic fluorosis, arsenism, and selenosis due to improper coal usage (briquettes mixed with high-F clay, mineralized As-rich coal, and Se-rich stone coal) are discussed in detail. In 2010, 14.8, 1.9 million, and 16,000 Chinese people suffered from dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and arsenism, respectively. Finally, several suggestions are proposed for the prevention and treatment for endemic problems caused by coal utilization.

KeywordEnvironmental Impacts Fluorosis Arsenism Selenosis Mercury Coal Utilization China
Indexed BySCIE
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Crust-Mantle Materials andEnvironment, School of Earth and Space Sciences,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230026, Anhui, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology,Institute of Earth Environment, The Chinese Academy ofSciences, Xi’an 710075, Shaanxi, China;
3.School of Earth and Environment, Anhui University ofScience and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, J ,Liu, GJ ,Kang, Y ,et al. Coal utilization in China: environmental impactsand human health[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH,2014,36(4):735-753.
APA Chen, J .,Liu, GJ .,Kang, Y .,Wu, B .,Sun, RY .,...&Wu, D .(2014).Coal utilization in China: environmental impactsand human health.ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH,36(4),735-753.
MLA Chen, J ,et al."Coal utilization in China: environmental impactsand human health".ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH 36.4(2014):735-753.
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