New dating of the Homo erectus cranium from Lantian(Gongwangling), China
Zhu,ZY(Zhu,Zhaoyu)[1,2]; Dennell,R(Dennell,Robin)[3]; Huang,WW(Huang,Weiwen)[4]; Wu,Y(Wu,Yi)[1,2]; Rao,ZG(Rao,Zhiguo)[1]; Qiu,SF(Qiu,Shifan)[1]; Xie,JB(Xie,Jiubing)[1]; Liu,W(Liu,Wu)[4]; Fu,SQ(Fu,Shuqing)[1]; Han,JW(Han,Jiangwei)[1]; Zhou,HY(Zhou,Houyun)[1]
2015-01
发表期刊Journal of Human Evolution
卷号78期号:2015页码:144-157
文章类型期刊论文
摘要

The Homo erectus cranium from Gongwangling, Lantian County, Shaanxi Province is the oldest fossil hominin specimen from North China. It was found in 1964 in a layer below the Jaramillo subchron and was attributed to loess (L) L15 in the Chinese loess-palaeosol sequence, with an estimated age of ca. 1.15 Ma (millions of years ago). Here, we demonstrate that there is a stratigraphical hiatus in the Gongwangling section immediately below loess 15, and the cranium in fact lies in palaeosol (S) S22 or S23, the age of which is ca. 1.54e1.65 Ma. Closely spaced palaeomagnetic sampling at two sections at Gongwangling and one at Jiacun, 10 km to the north, indicate that the fossil layer at Gongwangling and a similar fossil horizon at Jiacun were deposited shortly before a short period of normal polarity above the Olduvai subchron. This is attributed to the Gilsa Event that has been dated elsewhere to ca. 1.62 Ma. Our investigations thus demonstrate that the Gongwangling cranium is slightly older than ca. 1.62 Ma, probably ca. 1.63 Ma, and significantly older than previously supposed. This re-dating now makes Gongwangling the second oldest site outside Africa (after Dmanisi) with cranial remains, and causes substantial re-adjustment in the early fossil hominin record in Eurasia.

关键词Asia Lantian Homo Erectus Stratigraphy Palaeomagnetism Re-dating
DOI10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.10.001
收录类别SCI
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:33[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9494
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
作者单位1.Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China;
3.Department of Archaeology, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom;
4.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhu,ZY,Dennell,R,Huang,WW,et al. New dating of the Homo erectus cranium from Lantian(Gongwangling), China[J]. Journal of Human Evolution,2015,78(2015):144-157.
APA Zhu,ZY.,Dennell,R.,Huang,WW.,Wu,Y.,Rao,ZG.,...&Zhou,HY.(2015).New dating of the Homo erectus cranium from Lantian(Gongwangling), China.Journal of Human Evolution,78(2015),144-157.
MLA Zhu,ZY,et al."New dating of the Homo erectus cranium from Lantian(Gongwangling), China".Journal of Human Evolution 78.2015(2015):144-157.
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