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Analysis of the causes of heavy aerosol pollution in Beijing, China:A case study with the WRF-Chem model
He,H(He,Hui)[1]; Tie,XX(Tie,Xuexi)[2,3]; Zhang,Q(Zhang,Qiang)[1]; Liu,X(Liu,Xiang)[1]; Gao,Q(Gao,Qian)[1]; Li,X(Li,Xia)[1]; Gao,Y(Gao,Yang)[1]
2015-06
Source PublicationParticuology
Volume20Pages:32-40
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

The causes and variability of a heavy haze episode in the Beijing region was analyzed. During the episode, the PM2.5 concentration reached a peak value of 450 g/kg on January 18, 2013 and rapidly decreased to 100 g/kg on January 19, 2013, characterizing a large variability in a very short period. This strong variability provides a good opportunity to study the causes of the haze formation. The in situ measurements (including surface meteorological data and vertical structures of the winds, temperature, humidity, and planetary boundary layer (PBL)) together with a chemical/dynamical regional model (WRF-Chem) were used for the analysis. In order to understand the rapid variability of the PM2.5 concentration in the episode, the correlation between the measured meteorological data (including wind speed, PBL height, relative humidity, etc.) and the measured particle concentration (PM2.5 concentration) was studied. In addition, two sensitive model experiments were performed to study the effect of individual contribution from local emissions and regional surrounding emissions to the heavy haze formation. The results suggest that there were two major meteorological factors in controlling the variability of the PM2.5 concentration, namely, surface wind speed and PBL height. During high wind periods, the horizontal transport of aerosol particles played an important role, and the heavy haze was formed when the wind speeds were very weak (less than 1 m/s). Under weak wind conditions, the horizontal transport of aerosol particles was also weak, and the vertical mixing of aerosol particles played an important role. As a result, the PBL height was a major factor in controlling the variability of the PM2.5 concentration. Under the shallow PBL height, aerosol particles were strongly confined near the surface, producing a high surface PM2.5 concentration. The sensitivity model study suggests that the local emissions (emissions from the Beijing region only) were the major cause for the heavy haze events. With only local emissions, the calculated peak value of the PM2.5 concentration was 350 g/kg, which accounted for 78% of the measured peak value (450 g/kg). In contrast, without the local emissions, the calculated peak value of the PM2.5 concentration was only 100 g/kg, which accounted for 22% of the measured peak value.

KeywordPm2.5 In beijIng Causes Of Heavy Haze Planetary Boundary Layer (Pbl) Wrf-chem Model
DOI10.1016/j.partic.2014.06.004
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:27[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9493
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing 100089, China;
2.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Science and Technology, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710049, China;
3.National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He,H,Tie,XX,Zhang,Q,et al. Analysis of the causes of heavy aerosol pollution in Beijing, China:A case study with the WRF-Chem model[J]. Particuology,2015,20:32-40.
APA He,H.,Tie,XX.,Zhang,Q.,Liu,X.,Gao,Q.,...&Gao,Y.(2015).Analysis of the causes of heavy aerosol pollution in Beijing, China:A case study with the WRF-Chem model.Particuology,20,32-40.
MLA He,H,et al."Analysis of the causes of heavy aerosol pollution in Beijing, China:A case study with the WRF-Chem model".Particuology 20(2015):32-40.
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