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Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier
Yang,S(Yang,Song)[1]; Xu,BQ(Xu,Baiqing)[1]; Cao,JJ(Cao,Junji)[2]; Zender,CS.(Zender,Charles S.)[3]; Wang,M(Wang,Mo)[1]
2015-07
Source PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume111Pages:71-78
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

In the Tibetan Plateau, the black carbon (BC) concentration in surface snow and snow pits has received much attention, whereas the seasonal behavior of aerosol-in-snow concentration, vertical profile, meltscavenging, and enrichment have received relatively little attention. Here we investigate these processes and their impacts on radiative forcing on the Muji glacier in the westernmost Tibetan Plateau during the 2012 snowmelt season. Increasing impurity concentrations were mostly due to post-deposition effects rather than new deposition. On 5 July, BC concentrations in the surface snow were higher than those of fresh snow, implying enrichment via sublimation and/or melting of previous snow. Fresh snow contained 25 ng g 1 BC on 27 July; afterward, BC gradually increased, reaching 730.6 ng g 1 in September. BC, organic carbon (OC), and dust concentrations co-varied but differed in magnitude. Melt-scavenging efficiencies were estimated at 0.19 ± 0.05 and 0.04 ± 0.01 for OC and BC, respectively, and the BC in surface snow increased by 20e25 times depending on melt intensity. BC-in-snow radiative forcing (RF) was approximately 2.2 W m 2 for fresh snow and 18.1e20.4 W m 2 for aged snow, and was sometimes reduced by the presence of dust.

KeywordBlack Carbon Snow Glacier Melt Tibetan Plateau
DOI10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.03.016
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:34[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9447
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100101, China;
2.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Science & Technology, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China;
3.Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3100, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang,S,Xu,BQ,Cao,JJ,et al. Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2015,111:71-78.
APA Yang,S,Xu,BQ,Cao,JJ,Zender,CS.,&Wang,M.(2015).Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier.Atmospheric Environment,111,71-78.
MLA Yang,S,et al."Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier".Atmospheric Environment 111(2015):71-78.
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