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A budget analysis of the formation of haze in Beijing
Tie,XX(Tie,Xuexi)[1,2]; Zhang,Q(Zhang,Qiang)[3]; He,H(He,Hui)[3]; Cao,JJ(Cao,Junji)[1]; Han,SQ(Han,Suqing)[4]; Gao,Y(Gao,Yang)[3]; Li,X(Li,Xia)[3]; Jia,XC(Jia,Xingchan)[3]
2015-01
发表期刊Atmospheric Environment
卷号100期号:2015页码:25-36
文章类型期刊论文
摘要

During recent winters, hazes often occurred in Beijing, causing major environmental problems. To understand the causes of this “Beijing Haze”, a haze episode (from Oct. 21 to Oct. 31, 2013) in Beijing was analyzed. During the episode, the daily mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) reached a peak value of 270 μg/m3 on Oct. 28, 2013, and rapidly decreased to 50 μg/m3 the next day (Oct. 29, 2013). This strong variability provided a good opportunity to study the causes of a “Beijing Haze”. Two numerical models were applied for this study. The first model is a chemical/dynamical regional model (WRF-Chem). This model is mainly used to study the effects that weather conditions have on PM2.5 concentrations in the Beijing region. The results show that the presence of high air pressure in northwest Beijing (NW-High) generally produced strong northwest winds with clean upwind air. As a result, the NW-High played an important role in cleaning Beijing's PM. However, the NW-High's cleaning effect did not occur in every situation. When there was low air pressure in southeast Beijing (SE-Low) accompanied by an NW-High, an air convergent zone appeared in Beijing. The pollutants became sandwiched, producing high PM2.5 concentrations in the Beijing region. The second model used in this study is a box model, which is applied to estimate some crucial parameters associated with the budget of PM2.5 in the Beijing region. Under calm winds, the calculations show that continuous local emissions rapidly accumulate pollutants. The PM2.5 concentrations reached 150 μg/m3 and 250 μg/m3 within one (1) day and two (2) days, respectively. Without horizontal dilution, this estimate can be considered as an upper time limit (the fastest time) for the occurrences of haze events in the Beijing region. The wind speed (WSb) is calculated for the balance between the continuous emissions and atmospheric clean processes. The results show that the WSb is strongly dependent on the planetary boundary layer (PBL) height and the wind direction. Under SE-Low weather conditions, the WSb is 2 m/s with a higher PBL height (700 m). However, under lower PBL heights, the WSb rapidly increases, reaching 4.5 m/s and 7.0 m/s with PBL heights of 300 m and 200 m, respectively. In contrast, under NW-High weather conditions, the WSb reduces to 2.5 m/s and 4.0 m/s. These results suggest that when the prevailing wind in Beijing is a northwest wind (with wind speeds of >4 m/s), particulate matter (PM) begins to decrease.

关键词Pm2.5 Beijing Wrf-chem Weather Conditions
DOI10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.10.038
收录类别SCI
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:44[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9423
专题粉尘与环境研究室
作者单位1.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Science and Technology, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China;
2.National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA;
3.Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing, China;
4.Tianjin Weather Modification Office, Tianjin, China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Tie,XX,Zhang,Q,He,H,et al. A budget analysis of the formation of haze in Beijing[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2015,100(2015):25-36.
APA Tie,XX.,Zhang,Q.,He,H.,Cao,JJ.,Han,SQ.,...&Jia,XC.(2015).A budget analysis of the formation of haze in Beijing.Atmospheric Environment,100(2015),25-36.
MLA Tie,XX,et al."A budget analysis of the formation of haze in Beijing".Atmospheric Environment 100.2015(2015):25-36.
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