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Exposure of the endangered golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) to heavy metals: a comparison of wild and captive animals
Liu, Qiang1,2; Chen, Yi-ping1; Maltby, Lorraine3; Ma, Qing-yi4
2015-05-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
ISSN0944-1344
Volume22Issue:9Pages:6713-6720
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

Golden monkeys are endemic to China and of high conservation concern. Conservation strategies include captive breeding, but the success of captive breeding programs may be being compromised by environmental pollution. Heavy metal exposure of wild and captive golden monkeys living in the Qinling Mountains was assessed by measuring fecal metal concentrations (As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Mn, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn). Captive monkeys were exposed to higher concentrations of As, Hg, Pb, and Cr than monkeys living in the wild, while high background levels of Mn led to high exposure of wild monkeys. Seasonal variations in metal exposures were detected for both wild and captive monkeys; possible reasons being seasonal changes in either diet (wild monkeys) or metal content of food (captive monkeys). Coal combustion, waste incineration, and traffic-related activities were identified as possible sources of heavy metals exposure for captive animals. Efforts to conserve this endangered primate are potentially compromised by metal pollutants derived from increasing anthropogenic activities. Providing captive animals with uncontaminated food and relocating captive breeding centers away from sources of pollution will reduce pollutant exposure; but ultimately, there is a need to improve environmental quality by controlling pollutants at source.

KeywordHeavy Metal Golden Monkey Feces Captive Pollution
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1007/s11356-014-3877-5
WOS KeywordSnub-nosed Monkeys ; Qinling Mountains ; Trace-elements ; Central China ; Urban Soils ; Hong-kong ; Contamination ; Otter ; Multivariate ; Pollution
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000353046600030
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9374
Collection生态环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorChen, Yi-ping
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sheffield, Dept Anim & Plant Sci, Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, England
4.Shaanxi Rare Wildlife Conservat & Breeding Ctr, Xian 710402, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Qiang,Chen, Yi-ping,Maltby, Lorraine,et al. Exposure of the endangered golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) to heavy metals: a comparison of wild and captive animals[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,2015,22(9):6713-6720.
APA Liu, Qiang,Chen, Yi-ping,Maltby, Lorraine,&Ma, Qing-yi.(2015).Exposure of the endangered golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) to heavy metals: a comparison of wild and captive animals.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,22(9),6713-6720.
MLA Liu, Qiang,et al."Exposure of the endangered golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) to heavy metals: a comparison of wild and captive animals".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH 22.9(2015):6713-6720.
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