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Major ion chemistry, weathering process and water quality of natural waters in the Bosten Lake catchment in an extreme arid region, NW China
Xiao, Jun; Jin, Zhangdong; Wang, Jin; Zhang, Fei
2015-04-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN1866-6280
Volume73Issue:7Pages:3697-3708
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

The concentrations of major ions in the surface water and the groundwater of the Bosten Lake catchment before and during rainy seasons were analyzed to determine the major ion chemistry, geochemical process and to assess the water quality for drinking and irrigation purposes. Natural waters were hard-fresh water with an alkaline nature and a Ca2+-HCO3 (-) water type. Although much of physicochemical parameters were under the highest desirable limits set by the Chinese Government for drinking purpose, some samples were not suitable for drinking with reference to the concentrations of NO3 (-) and SO4 (2-). The sodium adsorption ratio and sodium percentage (%Na) values indicated that most waters were suitable for irrigation. Seasonal variations of ion concentrations and water quality were minor. Saturation index in waters showed that most of the waters were oversaturated with respect to aragonite, calcite, dolomite and magnesite, whereas under-saturated to gypsum and halite. Carbonate weathering and evaporite dissolution were the primary and secondary sources of the dissolved ions, whereas anthropogenic input played a minor role. For the sustainable development of Bosten Lake, a reduction of discharge water from salt washing and an increase in the fresh water inflow to the lake are needed.

KeywordBosten Lake Major Ion Chemistry Water Quality Nw China
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1007/s12665-014-3657-z
WOS KeywordTarim River-basin ; Central-asia ; Gummanampadu Subbasin ; Fluvial Geochemistry ; Groundwater Quality ; Northern Xinjiang ; Guntur District ; Andhra-pradesh ; India ; Hydrogeochemistry
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000351163300053
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9322
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorXiao, Jun
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiao, Jun,Jin, Zhangdong,Wang, Jin,et al. Major ion chemistry, weathering process and water quality of natural waters in the Bosten Lake catchment in an extreme arid region, NW China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES,2015,73(7):3697-3708.
APA Xiao, Jun,Jin, Zhangdong,Wang, Jin,&Zhang, Fei.(2015).Major ion chemistry, weathering process and water quality of natural waters in the Bosten Lake catchment in an extreme arid region, NW China.ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES,73(7),3697-3708.
MLA Xiao, Jun,et al."Major ion chemistry, weathering process and water quality of natural waters in the Bosten Lake catchment in an extreme arid region, NW China".ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES 73.7(2015):3697-3708.
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