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Plutonium as a tracer for soil erosion assessment in northeast China
Xu, Yihong1; Qiao, Jixin2; Pan, Shaoming1; Hou, Xiaolin2,3; Roos, Per2; Cao, Liguo1
2015-04-01
发表期刊SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
卷号511页码:176-185
文章类型Article
摘要Soil erosion is one of the most serious environmental and agricultural problems faced by human society. Assessing intensity is an important issue for controlling soil erosion and improving eco-environmental quality. The suitability of the application of plutonium (Pu) as a tracer for soil erosion assessment in northeast China was investigated by comparing with that of Cs-137. Here we build on preliminary work, in which we investigated the potential of Pu as a soil erosion tracer by sampling additional reference sites and potential erosive sites, along the Liaodong Bay region in northeast China, for Pu isotopes and Cs-137. Pu-240/Pu-239 atomic ratios in all samples were approximately 0.18, which indicated that the dominant source of Pu was the global fallout. Pu showed very similar distribution patterns to those of Cs-137 at both uncultivated and cultivated sites. Pu239 + 240 concentrations in all uncultivated soil cores followed an exponential decline with soil depth, whereas at cultivated sites, Pu was homogenously distributed in plow horizons. Factors such as planted crop types, as well as methods and frequencies of irrigation and tillage were suggested to influence the distribution of radionuclides in cultivated land. The baseline inventories of Pu239 + 240 and Cs-137 were 88.4 and 1688 Bq m(-2) respectively. Soil erosion rates estimated by Pu239 + 240 tracing method were consistent with those obtained by the Cs-137 method, confirming that Pu is an effective tracer with a similar tracing behavior to that of Cs-137 for soil erosion assessment. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词Pu Isotopes Cs-137 Tracing Technique Soil Erosion Models Cultivated Land Northeast China
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.006
关键词[WOS]ISOTOPIC-RATIOS ; ICP-MS ; CS-137 ; PU ; SEDIMENT ; FALLOUT ; PU-240 ; RATES ; SEA ; PU-239,PU-240
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS类目Environmental Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000350513900019
出版者ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
引用统计
被引频次:10[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9314
专题加速器质谱中心
通讯作者Pan, Shaoming
作者单位1.Nanjing Univ, Sch Geog & Oceanog Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Tech Univ Denmark, Ctr Nucl Technol, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Xian AMS Ctr, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
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Xu, Yihong,Qiao, Jixin,Pan, Shaoming,et al. Plutonium as a tracer for soil erosion assessment in northeast China[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2015,511:176-185.
APA Xu, Yihong,Qiao, Jixin,Pan, Shaoming,Hou, Xiaolin,Roos, Per,&Cao, Liguo.(2015).Plutonium as a tracer for soil erosion assessment in northeast China.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,511,176-185.
MLA Xu, Yihong,et al."Plutonium as a tracer for soil erosion assessment in northeast China".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 511(2015):176-185.
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