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A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years
Tan, Liangcheng1,2; Cai, Yanjun1,3; An, Zhisheng1,3; Cheng, Hai3,4; Shen, Chuan-Chou5; Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M.6; Gao, Yongli7; Edwards, R. Lawrence4; Zhang, Haiwei3; Du, Yajuan1
2015-08-13
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
Volume5
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

The collapse of some pre-historical and historical cultures, including Chinese dynasties were presumably linked to widespread droughts, on the basis of synchronicities of societal crises and proxy-based climate events. Here, we present a comparison of ancient inscriptions in Dayu Cave from Qinling Mountains, central China, which described accurate times and detailed impacts of seven drought events during the period of 1520-1920 CE, with high-resolution speleothem records from the same cave. The comparable results provide unique and robust tests on relationships among speleothem delta O-18 changes, drought events, and societal unrest. With direct historical evidences, our results suggest that droughts and even modest events interrupting otherwise wet intervals can cause serious social crises. Modeling results of speleothem delta O-18 series suggest that future precipitation in central China may be below the average of the past 500 years. As Qinling Mountain is the main recharge area of two large water transfer projects and habitats of many endangered species, it is imperative to explore an adaptive strategy for the decline in precipitation and/or drought events.

WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
DOI10.1038/srep12284
WOS KeywordPrecipitation Variability ; Maya Civilization ; Summer Monsoon ; Speleothems ; Collapse ; Stalagmite ; Records ; Holocene ; System ; Scale
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000359407400001
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation statistics
Cited Times:12[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9262
Collection现代环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorTan, Liangcheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.JCGCS, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Global Environm Change, Xian 710054, Peoples R China
4.Univ Minnesota, Dept Earth Sci, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
5.Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Geosci, Taipei 106, Taiwan
6.Univ Cambridge, Dept Earth Sci, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, England
7.Univ Texas San Antonio, Dept Geol Sci, Ctr Water Res, San Antonio, TX 78249 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tan, Liangcheng,Cai, Yanjun,An, Zhisheng,et al. A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2015,5.
APA Tan, Liangcheng.,Cai, Yanjun.,An, Zhisheng.,Cheng, Hai.,Shen, Chuan-Chou.,...&Du, Yajuan.(2015).A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,5.
MLA Tan, Liangcheng,et al."A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5(2015).
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