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The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China
Liu, Wu1; Martinon-Torres, Maria2,3,4; Cai, Yan-jun5; Xing, Song1; Tong, Hao-wen1; Pei, Shu-wen1; Sier, Mark Jan4,6,7; Wu, Xiao-hong8; Edwards, R. Lawrence9; Cheng, Hai10; Li, Yi-yuan11; Yang, Xiong-xin12; Bermudez de Castro, Jose Maria2,4; Wu, Xiu-jie1
2015-10-29
发表期刊NATURE
ISSN0028-0836
卷号526期号:7575页码:696-699
文章类型Article
摘要

The hominin record from southern Asia for the early Late Pleistocene epoch is scarce. Well-dated and well-preserved fossils older than similar to 45,000 years that can be unequivocally attributed to Homo sapiens are lacking(1-4). Here we present evidence from the newly excavated Fuyan Cave in Damian (southern China). This site has provided 47 human teeth dated to more than 80,000 years old, and with an inferred maximum age of 120,000 years. The morphological and metric assessment of this sample supports its unequivocal assignment to H. sapiens. The Daoxian sample is more derived than any other anatomically modern humans, resembling middle-to-late Late Pleistocene specimens and even contemporary humans. Our study shows that fully modern morphologies were present in southern China 30,000-70,000 years earlier than in the Levant and Europe(5-7). Our data fill a chronological and geographical gap that is relevant for understanding when H. sapiens first appeared in southern Asia. The Damian teeth also support the hypothesis that during the same period, southern China was inhabited by more derived populations than central and northern China. This evidence is important for the study of dispersal routes of modern humans.. Finally, our results are relevant to exploring the reasons for the relatively late entry of H. sapiens into Europe. Some studies have investigated how the competition with H. sapiens may have caused Neanderthals' extinction. (see ref. 8 and references therein). Notably, although fully modern humans were already present in southern China at least as early as 80,000 years ago, there is no evidence that they entered Europe before similar to 45,000 years ago. This could indicate that H. neanderthalensis was indeed an additional ecological barrier for modern humans, who could only enter Europe when the demise of Neanderthals had already started.

WOS标题词Science & Technology
DOI10.1038/nature15696
关键词[WOS]Morphometric-analysis ; Hominin Teeth ; Pleistocene ; Africa ; Homo ; Remains ; Asia ; Dispersals ; Indonesia ; History
收录类别SCI ; SSCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000363832100047
出版者NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
引用统计
被引频次:103[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9234
专题现代环境研究室
通讯作者Martinon-Torres, Maria
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
2.UCL Anthropol, London WC1H 0BW, England
3.Univ Burgos, Dept Ciencias Hist & Geog, Burgos 09001, Spain
4.Ctr Nacl Invest Evoluc Humana CENIEH, Burgos 09002, Spain
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
6.Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Dept Earth Sci, Paleomagnet Lab Ft Hoofddijk, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands
7.Leiden Univ, Fac Archaeol, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
8.Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
9.Univ Minnesota, Dept Geol & Geophys, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
10.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Global Environm Change, Xian 710049, Peoples R China
11.Inst Cultural Rel & Archaeol, Changsha 410008, Hunan, Peoples R China
12.Cultural Rel Adm Daoxian Cty, Daoxian 425300, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Liu, Wu,Martinon-Torres, Maria,Cai, Yan-jun,et al. The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China[J]. NATURE,2015,526(7575):696-699.
APA Liu, Wu.,Martinon-Torres, Maria.,Cai, Yan-jun.,Xing, Song.,Tong, Hao-wen.,...&Wu, Xiu-jie.(2015).The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China.NATURE,526(7575),696-699.
MLA Liu, Wu,et al."The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China".NATURE 526.7575(2015):696-699.
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