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The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China
Liu, Wu1; Martinon-Torres, Maria2,3,4; Cai, Yan-jun5; Xing, Song1; Tong, Hao-wen1; Pei, Shu-wen1; Sier, Mark Jan4,6,7; Wu, Xiao-hong8; Edwards, R. Lawrence9; Cheng, Hai10; Li, Yi-yuan11; Yang, Xiong-xin12; Bermudez de Castro, Jose Maria2,4; Wu, Xiu-jie1
2015-10-29
Source PublicationNATURE
ISSN0028-0836
Volume526Issue:7575Pages:696-699
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

The hominin record from southern Asia for the early Late Pleistocene epoch is scarce. Well-dated and well-preserved fossils older than similar to 45,000 years that can be unequivocally attributed to Homo sapiens are lacking(1-4). Here we present evidence from the newly excavated Fuyan Cave in Damian (southern China). This site has provided 47 human teeth dated to more than 80,000 years old, and with an inferred maximum age of 120,000 years. The morphological and metric assessment of this sample supports its unequivocal assignment to H. sapiens. The Daoxian sample is more derived than any other anatomically modern humans, resembling middle-to-late Late Pleistocene specimens and even contemporary humans. Our study shows that fully modern morphologies were present in southern China 30,000-70,000 years earlier than in the Levant and Europe(5-7). Our data fill a chronological and geographical gap that is relevant for understanding when H. sapiens first appeared in southern Asia. The Damian teeth also support the hypothesis that during the same period, southern China was inhabited by more derived populations than central and northern China. This evidence is important for the study of dispersal routes of modern humans.. Finally, our results are relevant to exploring the reasons for the relatively late entry of H. sapiens into Europe. Some studies have investigated how the competition with H. sapiens may have caused Neanderthals' extinction. (see ref. 8 and references therein). Notably, although fully modern humans were already present in southern China at least as early as 80,000 years ago, there is no evidence that they entered Europe before similar to 45,000 years ago. This could indicate that H. neanderthalensis was indeed an additional ecological barrier for modern humans, who could only enter Europe when the demise of Neanderthals had already started.

WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
DOI10.1038/nature15696
WOS KeywordMorphometric-analysis ; Hominin Teeth ; Pleistocene ; Africa ; Homo ; Remains ; Asia ; Dispersals ; Indonesia ; History
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000363832100047
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation statistics
Cited Times:126[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/9234
Collection现代环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorMartinon-Torres, Maria
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
2.UCL Anthropol, London WC1H 0BW, England
3.Univ Burgos, Dept Ciencias Hist & Geog, Burgos 09001, Spain
4.Ctr Nacl Invest Evoluc Humana CENIEH, Burgos 09002, Spain
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
6.Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Dept Earth Sci, Paleomagnet Lab Ft Hoofddijk, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands
7.Leiden Univ, Fac Archaeol, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
8.Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
9.Univ Minnesota, Dept Geol & Geophys, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
10.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Global Environm Change, Xian 710049, Peoples R China
11.Inst Cultural Rel & Archaeol, Changsha 410008, Hunan, Peoples R China
12.Cultural Rel Adm Daoxian Cty, Daoxian 425300, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Wu,Martinon-Torres, Maria,Cai, Yan-jun,et al. The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China[J]. NATURE,2015,526(7575):696-699.
APA Liu, Wu.,Martinon-Torres, Maria.,Cai, Yan-jun.,Xing, Song.,Tong, Hao-wen.,...&Wu, Xiu-jie.(2015).The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China.NATURE,526(7575),696-699.
MLA Liu, Wu,et al."The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China".NATURE 526.7575(2015):696-699.
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