The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene
Waters, Colin N.1; Zalasiewicz, Jan2; Summerhayes, Colin3; Barnosky, Anthony D.4,5; Poirier, Clement6; Galuszka, Agnieszka7; Cearreta, Alejandro8; Edgeworth, Matt9; Ellis, Erle C.10; Ellis, Michael1; Jeandel, Catherine11; Leinfelder, Reinhold12; McNeill, J. R.13; Richter, Daniel deB.14; Steffen, Will15; Syvitski, James16; Vidas, Davor17; Wagreich, Michael18; Williams, Mark2; An Zhisheng19,20; Grinevald, Jacques21; Odada, Eric22; Oreskes, Naomi23; Wolfe, Alexander P.24
2016-01-08
发表期刊SCIENCE
卷号351期号:6269页码:137-+
文章类型Review
摘要Human activity is leaving a pervasive and persistent signature on Earth. Vigorous debate continues about whether this warrants recognition as a new geologic time unit known as the Anthropocene. We review anthropogenic markers of functional changes in the Earth system through the stratigraphic record. The appearance of manufactured materials in sediments, including aluminum, plastics, and concrete, coincides with global spikes in fallout radionuclides and particulates from fossil fuel combustion. Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles have been substantially modified over the past century. Rates of sea-level rise and the extent of human perturbation of the climate system exceed Late Holocene changes. Biotic changes include species invasions worldwide and accelerating rates of extinction. These combined signals render the Anthropocene stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene and earlier epochs.
WOS标题词Science & Technology
DOI10.1126/science.aad2622
关键词[WOS]PAST 2 MILLENNIA ; ICE-CORE ; ANTHROPOGENIC TRANSFORMATION ; INTERNATIONAL-COMMISSION ; ISOTOPE CONSTRAINTS ; NITROGEN-CYCLE ; METHANE BUDGET ; CARBON ; RECORDS ; EPOCH
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000367806500029
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5853
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
作者单位1.British Geol Survey, Keyworth NG12 5GG, Notts, England
2.Univ Leicester, Dept Geol, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England
3.Univ Cambridge, Scott Polar Res Inst, Cambridge CB2 1ER, England
4.Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Integrat Biol, Museum Paleontol, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
5.Univ Calif Berkeley, Museum Vertebrate Zool, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
6.Univ Caen Normandie, CNRS, Morphodynam Continentale & Cotiere, F-14000 Caen, France
7.Jan Kochanowski Univ Humanities & Sci, Inst Chem, Geochem & Environm Div, PL-25406 Kielce, Poland
8.Univ Basque Country, Dept Estratig & Paleontol, Fac Ciencia & Tecnol, E-48080 Bilbao, Spain
9.Univ Leicester, Sch Archaeol & Ancient Hist, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England
10.Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Dept Geog & Environm Syst, Baltimore, MD 21250 USA
11.Univ Toulouse 3, CNRS, Ctr Natl Etud Spatiales, Lab Etud Geophys & Oceanog Spatiales,Inst Rech De, F-31400 Toulouse, France
12.Free Univ Berlin, Dept Geol Sci, D-12249 Berlin, Germany
13.Georgetown Univ, Washington, DC USA
14.Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Durham, NC 27516 USA
15.Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
16.Univ Colorado, Dept Geol Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
17.Fridtjof Nansen Inst Polhogda, Marine Affairs & Law Sea Programme, Lysaker, Norway
18.Univ Vienna, Dept Geodynam & Sedimentol, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
19.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
20.Beijing Normal Univ, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
21.Inst Hautes Etud Int & Dev, CH-1211 Geneva 11, Switzerland
22.Univ Nairobi, Dept Geol, Nairobi, Kenya
23.Harvard Univ, Dept Hist Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
24.Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
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Waters, Colin N.,Zalasiewicz, Jan,Summerhayes, Colin,et al. The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene[J]. SCIENCE,2016,351(6269):137-+.
APA Waters, Colin N..,Zalasiewicz, Jan.,Summerhayes, Colin.,Barnosky, Anthony D..,Poirier, Clement.,...&Wolfe, Alexander P..(2016).The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene.SCIENCE,351(6269),137-+.
MLA Waters, Colin N.,et al."The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene".SCIENCE 351.6269(2016):137-+.
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