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Preliminary Investigation on the Rapid and Direct AMS Measurement of I-129 in Environmental Samples without Chemical Separation
Liu, Qi1,2,3; Zhao, Xiaolei1; Hou, Xiaolin1,3; Burr, George1; Zhou, Weijian1,3; Fu, Yunchong1,3; Chen, Ning1,3; Zhang, Luyuan1,3
2016-03-01
发表期刊RADIOCARBON
卷号58期号:1页码:147-156
文章类型Article
摘要Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is the most sensitive method for measuring I-129 in environmental samples available today, with a detection limit of about 10(-15) for I-129/I-127. A drawback of the technique is the time-consuming chemical separation required to prepare AMS targets from raw samples. This step significantly limits applications requiring rapid analyses and large numbers of samples, for example, in monitoring studies associated with nuclear accidents. This work introduces a direct method for I-129 measurements by AMS that does not require chemical separation. In this approach, stable iodine (I-127) is added to a matrix of niobium (Nb) powder and mixed with dried raw sample. This mixture is pressed directly into a sputter target for AMS analysis. Two types of environmental samples have been tested in this work, seaweed and sediment. No anomalous behavior was noted in the Cs+ sputtering behavior of the targets prepared from these materials. The I-129/I-127 ratios and I-129 concentrations measured by this rapid method were found to be in agreement with reported values that used a conventional AMS method for the same material. Based on our findings, we expect that such rapid measurements can be applied to a wide variety of materials, in addition to seaweed and sediment, as long as the sputtering-induced adverse effects do not prevent the stable operation of the ion source. The method is especially useful for screening large numbers of samples before more precise analyses are made.
关键词Rapid And Direct Measurement Accelerator Mass Spectrometry I-129 Environmental Samples Methodology
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1017/RDC.2015.13
关键词[WOS]ACCELERATOR MASS-SPECTROMETRY ; OCEANOGRAPHIC TRACER ; LEVEL ; I-129/I-127 ; SEAWEED ; IODINE
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Geochemistry & Geophysics
WOS类目Geochemistry & Geophysics
WOS记录号WOS:000372829700013
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5745
专题加速器质谱中心
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Xian AMS Ctr, Shaanxi Key Lab Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Tec, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
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Liu, Qi,Zhao, Xiaolei,Hou, Xiaolin,et al. Preliminary Investigation on the Rapid and Direct AMS Measurement of I-129 in Environmental Samples without Chemical Separation[J]. RADIOCARBON,2016,58(1):147-156.
APA Liu, Qi.,Zhao, Xiaolei.,Hou, Xiaolin.,Burr, George.,Zhou, Weijian.,...&Zhang, Luyuan.(2016).Preliminary Investigation on the Rapid and Direct AMS Measurement of I-129 in Environmental Samples without Chemical Separation.RADIOCARBON,58(1),147-156.
MLA Liu, Qi,et al."Preliminary Investigation on the Rapid and Direct AMS Measurement of I-129 in Environmental Samples without Chemical Separation".RADIOCARBON 58.1(2016):147-156.
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