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An isotope study (delta O-18 and delta D) of water movements on the Loess Plateau of China in arid and semiarid climates
Wan, Hao1,3; Liu, Weiguo1,2
2016-08-01
Source PublicationECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Volume93Issue:2016Pages:226-233
SubtypeArticle
AbstractPrecipitation infiltration and evaporation are the main controlling factors on soil water content (SWC) in the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP). However, the temporal and spatial variations of soil water in the CLP are still unclear. Here, we investigate the stable isotope compositions (delta O-18 and delta D) of soil water for five different vegetation cover types in the central CLP, to trace the dynamics and movement mechanisms of soil water. Our results show that the depth of precipitation infiltration is approximately 120 cm in five different vegetation cover types under natural rainfall conditions throughout the year. The rapid O-18-enrichment of shallow (<30 cm depth) soil water, which is observed in all profiles, indicates that the evaporation effect mainly occurs in the shallow layer. The delta O-18 isotope dynamic pattern between 30 and 120 cm depth is probably controlled by the precipitation infiltration characteristics at a mean annual precipitation of 572.4 mm. In contrast, deep (>120 cm depth) soil water is in a steady state in our study period, which suggest that the residence times of this water can be several months or more. Although the vegetation cover types can affect the profile dynamics of delta O-18, we find that variations in seasonal precipitation are the key factor that influences the profile dynamics of delta O-18, which is attributed to the large differences in the climate parameters and the frequency of rainfall. We suggest that delta O-18 is more sensitive in tracing the precipitation infiltration depth and recharge mechanisms of soil water than the soil water content. Further observation over a much longer time scale and an combination of both the oxygen and hydrogen isotope compositions of soil water in the CLP would provide more insight into role of isotopic techniques in tracing the soil water cycle.
KeywordThe Loess Plateau Of China Isotopic Tracer Delta O-18 Soil Water Content
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Technology
DOI10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.05.039
WOS KeywordSOIL-WATER ; STABLE-ISOTOPES ; GROUNDWATER SYSTEM ; RESIDENCE TIMES ; FLOW PATHS ; OXYGEN ; HYDROGEN ; RECHARGE ; TRANSPIRATION ; PRECIPITATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Engineering
WOS SubjectEcology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000377602000029
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5730
Collection加速器质谱中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Human Settlement & Civil Engn, Xian 710049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wan, Hao,Liu, Weiguo. An isotope study (delta O-18 and delta D) of water movements on the Loess Plateau of China in arid and semiarid climates[J]. ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,2016,93(2016):226-233.
APA Wan, Hao,&Liu, Weiguo.(2016).An isotope study (delta O-18 and delta D) of water movements on the Loess Plateau of China in arid and semiarid climates.ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,93(2016),226-233.
MLA Wan, Hao,et al."An isotope study (delta O-18 and delta D) of water movements on the Loess Plateau of China in arid and semiarid climates".ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 93.2016(2016):226-233.
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