IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data-model comparisons
Marlon, Jennifer R.1; Kelly, Ryan2; Daniau, Anne-Laure3; Vanniere, Boris4,5; Power, Mitchell J.6; Bartlein, Patrick7; Higuera, Philip8; Blarquez, Olivier9; Brewer, Simon6; Bruecher, Tim10; Feurdean, Angelica11,12; Romera, Graciela Gil13; Iglesias, Virginia4,5; Maezumi, S. Yoshi14; Magi, Brian15; Mustaphi, Colin J. Courtney16; Zhihai, Tonishtan17
Source PublicationBIOGEOSCIENCES
AbstractThe location, timing, spatial extent, and frequency of wildfires are changing rapidly in many parts of the world, producing substantial impacts on ecosystems, people, and potentially climate. Paleofire records based on charcoal accumulation in sediments enable modern changes in biomass burning to be considered in their long-term context. Paleofire records also provide insights into the causes and impacts of past wildfires and emissions when analyzed in conjunction with other paleoenvironmental data and with fire models. Here we present new 1000-year and 22 000-year trends and gridded biomass burning reconstructions based on the Global Charcoal Database version 3 (GCDv3), which includes 736 charcoal records (57 more than in version 2). The new gridded reconstructions reveal the spatial patterns underlying the temporal trends in the data, allowing insights into likely controls on biomass burning at regional to global scales. In the most recent few decades, biomass burning has sharply increased in both hemispheres but especially in the north, where charcoal fluxes are now higher than at any other time during the past 22 000 years. We also discuss methodological issues relevant to data-model comparisons and identify areas for future research. Spatially gridded versions of the global data set from GCDv3 are provided to facilitate comparison with and validation of global fire simulations.
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000379425100003
Citation statistics
Cited Times:66[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Yale Univ, Sch Forestry & Environm Studies, New Haven, CT 06511 USA
2.Neptune & Co Inc, Lakewood, CO USA
3.Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, EPOC, UMR 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France
4.Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, UMR6249, Chronoenvironm, F-25000 Besancon, France
5.Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, MSHE, USR3124, CNRS, F-25000 Besancon, France
6.Univ Utah, Dept Geog, Nat Hist Museum Utah, Salt Lake City, UT USA
7.Univ Oregon, Dept Geog, Eugene, OR 97403 USA
8.Univ Montana, Coll Forestry & Conservat, Missoula, MT 59812 USA
9.Univ Montreal, Dept Geog, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada
10.GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Dusternbrooker Weg 20, Kiel, Germany
11.Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr BiK F, Frankfurt, Germany
12.Univ Babes Bolyai, Dept Geol, Cluj Napoca, Romania
13.CSIC, IPE, Zaragoza, Spain
14.Univ Exeter, Dept Archaeol, Exeter, Devon, England
15.Univ N Carolina, Dept Geog & Earth Sci, Charlotte, NC 28223 USA
16.Univ York, Dept Environm, York, N Yorkshire, England
17.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Marlon, Jennifer R.,Kelly, Ryan,Daniau, Anne-Laure,et al. Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data-model comparisons[J]. BIOGEOSCIENCES,2016,13(11):3225-3244.
APA Marlon, Jennifer R..,Kelly, Ryan.,Daniau, Anne-Laure.,Vanniere, Boris.,Power, Mitchell J..,...&Zhihai, Tonishtan.(2016).Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data-model comparisons.BIOGEOSCIENCES,13(11),3225-3244.
MLA Marlon, Jennifer R.,et al."Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data-model comparisons".BIOGEOSCIENCES 13.11(2016):3225-3244.
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