IEECAS OpenIR  > 古环境研究室
Influence of climate change on the evolution of ancient culture from 4500 to 3700 cal. yr BP in the Chengdu Plain, upper reaches of the Yangtze River, China
Zeng, Mengxiu1; Ma, Chunmei1; Zhu, Cheng1; Song, Yougui2; Zhu, Tongxin3; He, Kunyu4; Chen, Jian4; Huang, Ming4; Jia, Tianjiao1; Guo, Tianhong1
2016-12-01
Source PublicationCATENA
Volume147Issue:2016Pages:742-754
SubtypeArticle
AbstractNumerous environmental archaeology studies have been undertaken in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, but limited research has been carried out in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River (UYR). During the period of the Baodun Culture (approximately 4500-3700 cal. yr BP), the inhabitants of the Chengdu Plain (CDP) in the UYR of southwestern China were confronted with a dynamic climate. Archaeological sites, including 9 walled sites located in a relatively small region, were built during the migration process. This paper attempts to demonstrate the linkage between the evolutionary history of the Baodun Culture and paleoclimate change. Subsistence strategies during the Baodun period, such as farming, tool use and food resources were investigated. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal distribution of the archaeological sites, the construction method of the sites' walls, and the growth of weeds were examined and assessed based on archaeological excavations and the literature. The ancient water network at the Baodun site was investigated based on auger surveys and borehole data. By comparing multiple paleoclimatic proxies from regions mainly controlled by the Indian Monsoon, we found that: (1) the drying and cooling climate conditions were responsible for the increases of proportions of millet and supplementary food resources and for the transformation of tool assemblages during the late Baodun period; (2) the increasing numbers of flood events were caused by the weakening of the monsoon and the dramatic climate during the Baodun period, and the interconnected river networks at low elevations in the CDP exacerbated the impact of flooding, which may have partially caused the frequent human migration and the construction method of the site walls; (3) the Baodun people that originally lived in the southwestern and western CDP were forced to gradually migrate to higher elevations in the northern and central territories because of the rapid climate change; and (4) the topography and river-grade also influenced human migration and settlement selection. Climate deterioration hindered the sustainable development of the Baodun Culture and eventually caused it to decline. Common subsistence strategies in human history, such as site location, migration, flood-control methods, agricultural changes, and food diversification, played important roles in the Baodun people's adaptation to climate change. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordBaodun Culture Chengdu Plain Subsistence Strategy Flood Farming Ancient Walled Site
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1016/j.catena.2016.08.028
WOS KeywordLATE HOLOCENE ; ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE ; MONSOON VARIABILITY ; PANICUM-MILIACEUM ; SOUTHWEST CHINA ; AGRICULTURE ; PLATEAU ; CAVE ; CIVILIZATIONS ; STALAGMITE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaGeology ; Agriculture ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Soil Science ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000385598800070
Citation statistics
Cited Times:20[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5656
Collection古环境研究室
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ, Sch Geog & Oceanog Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
3.Univ Minnesota, Dept Geog Urban Environm & Sustainabil Studies, Duluth, MN 55812 USA
4.Inst Cultural Rel & Archaeol Chengdu, Chengdu 610072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zeng, Mengxiu,Ma, Chunmei,Zhu, Cheng,et al. Influence of climate change on the evolution of ancient culture from 4500 to 3700 cal. yr BP in the Chengdu Plain, upper reaches of the Yangtze River, China[J]. CATENA,2016,147(2016):742-754.
APA Zeng, Mengxiu.,Ma, Chunmei.,Zhu, Cheng.,Song, Yougui.,Zhu, Tongxin.,...&Guo, Tianhong.(2016).Influence of climate change on the evolution of ancient culture from 4500 to 3700 cal. yr BP in the Chengdu Plain, upper reaches of the Yangtze River, China.CATENA,147(2016),742-754.
MLA Zeng, Mengxiu,et al."Influence of climate change on the evolution of ancient culture from 4500 to 3700 cal. yr BP in the Chengdu Plain, upper reaches of the Yangtze River, China".CATENA 147.2016(2016):742-754.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Influence of climate(2463KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Zeng, Mengxiu]'s Articles
[Ma, Chunmei]'s Articles
[Zhu, Cheng]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Zeng, Mengxiu]'s Articles
[Ma, Chunmei]'s Articles
[Zhu, Cheng]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Zeng, Mengxiu]'s Articles
[Ma, Chunmei]'s Articles
[Zhu, Cheng]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.