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Climate Change, Desertification, and SocietalResponses along the Mu Us Desert Marginduring the Ming Dynasty
Cui,JX(Cui,Jianxin)1; Chang,H(Chang,Hong)2; Cheng,KY(Cheng,Kaiyue)1; Burr,G S(Burr,George S)2; Cui,Jianxin
2017-01
发表期刊 Weather, Climate, and Society
卷号9期号:1页码:81-94
文章类型期刊论文
摘要Historical records for the Mu Us Desert margin during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and corresponding high-resolution climate proxy records have prompted studies on societal responses to climatic changes in this region. The Mu Us Desert margin is highly sensitive to changes in desertification and biological productivity controlled in part by Asian monsoon variations. Here the existing historical temperature and precipitation records are examined to understand spatiotemporal climate variations and to identify potential mechanisms that have driven desertification in the region over the past 500 years. The focus here is on three severe desertification events that occurred in 1529–46, the 1570s, and 1601–50. The relationships among temperature, precipitation, and desertification indicate that a cold/drought-prone climate drives the desertification process. During the Ming dynasty, this region was one of nine important military districts, where the frontier wall (the Great Wall) and other fortifications were constructed. To maintain the defense system, military officers made a valiant effort to decrease the influence of desertification. However, the human-waged war against nature was largely futile, and local rebellions in the stricken region were spawned by the inability of the government to cope with the severe environmental stresses associated with rapid desertification.
关键词Asia Climate Change Paleoclimate Societal Impacts
DOI10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0015.1
收录类别SCI
所属项目编号41571190 ; KZZD-EW-04 ; 10SZYB10 ; 14ZDB031
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Fundamental Research Fundsfor the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Fundsfor the Central Universities ; Major project of National Social Science Fund ; Major project of National Social Science Fund
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5583
专题古环境研究室
通讯作者Cui,Jianxin
作者单位1.Northwest Institute of Historical Environment and Socio-Economic Development, Shaanxi NormalUniversity, Shaanxi, China
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, ChineseAcademy of Sciences, Xi’an, China
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Cui,JX,Chang,H,Cheng,KY,et al. Climate Change, Desertification, and SocietalResponses along the Mu Us Desert Marginduring the Ming Dynasty[J].  Weather, Climate, and Society,2017,9(1):81-94.
APA Cui,JX,Chang,H,Cheng,KY,Burr,G S,&Cui,Jianxin.(2017).Climate Change, Desertification, and SocietalResponses along the Mu Us Desert Marginduring the Ming Dynasty. Weather, Climate, and Society,9(1),81-94.
MLA Cui,JX,et al."Climate Change, Desertification, and SocietalResponses along the Mu Us Desert Marginduring the Ming Dynasty". Weather, Climate, and Society 9.1(2017):81-94.
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