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Early Pleistocene occurrence of Acheulian technology in North China
Li, Xingwen1,2; Ao, Hong1,3; Dekkers, Mark J.4; Roberts, Andrew P.5; Zhang, Peng1,2; Lin, Shan1,2; Huang, Weiwen6; Hou, Yamei6; Zhang, Weihua7; An, Zhisheng1
2017-01-15
Source PublicationQUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS
Volume156Issue:2017Pages:12-22
SubtypeArticle
AbstractAcheulian tools with their associated level of cognizance heralded a major threshold in the evolution of hominin technology, culture and behavior. Thus, unraveling occurrence ages of Acheulian technology across different regions worldwide constitutes a key aspect of understanding the archeology of early human evolution. Here we present a magneto-cyclochronology for the Acheulian assemblage from Sanmenxia Basin, Loess Plateau, North China. Our results place a sequence of stable normal and reversed paleomagnetic polarities within a regional lithostratigraphic context. The Acheulian assemblage is dated to be older than the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary at 0.78 Ma, and is found in strata that are probably equivalent to a weak paleosol subunit within loess layer L9 in the Chinese loess-paleosol sequence, which corresponds to marine isotope stage (MIS) 23, a relatively subdued interglacial period with age range of similar to 0.89-0.92 Ma. This age of similar to 0.9 Ma implies that Acheulian stone tools were unambiguously present in North China during the Early Pleistocene. It distinctly enlarges the geographic distribution of Acheulian technology and brings its occurrence in North China back into the Early Pleistocene, which is contemporaneous with its first emergence in Europe. Combined with other archeological records, the larger area over which Acheulian technology existed in East Asia during the terminal Early Pleistocene has important implications for understanding early human occupation of North China. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordMagneto-cyclostratigraphy Chinese Loess-paleosol Sequence Acheulian Technology Early Pleistocene Sanmenxia Basin North China
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.025
WOS KeywordGESHER BENOT YAAQOV ; LOESS PLATEAU ; MAGNETIC-SUSCEPTIBILITY ; ASTRONOMICAL TIMESCALE ; MONSOON RECORDS ; SOUTH CHINA ; EVOLUTION ; BASIN ; CULTURE ; ORIGIN
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000393627600002
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5534
Collection古环境研究室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth Observ, Palisades, NY 10964 USA
4.Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Dept Earth Sci, Paleomagnet Lab Ft Hoofddijk, Budapestlaan 17, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands
5.Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Earth Sci, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origin, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
7.Henan Museum, Zhengzhou 450002, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xingwen,Ao, Hong,Dekkers, Mark J.,et al. Early Pleistocene occurrence of Acheulian technology in North China[J]. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,2017,156(2017):12-22.
APA Li, Xingwen.,Ao, Hong.,Dekkers, Mark J..,Roberts, Andrew P..,Zhang, Peng.,...&An, Zhisheng.(2017).Early Pleistocene occurrence of Acheulian technology in North China.QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,156(2017),12-22.
MLA Li, Xingwen,et al."Early Pleistocene occurrence of Acheulian technology in North China".QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 156.2017(2017):12-22.
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