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Climate Change, Desertification, and Societal Responses along the Mu Us Desert Margin during the Ming Dynasty
Cui, Jianxin1; Chang, Hong2; Cheng, Kaiyue1; Burr, George S.2
2017
发表期刊WEATHER CLIMATE AND SOCIETY
卷号9期号:1页码:81-94
文章类型Article
摘要Historical records for the Mu Us Desert margin during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and corresponding high-resolution climate proxy records have prompted studies on societal responses to climatic changes in this region. The Mu Us Desert margin is highly sensitive to changes in desertification and biological productivity controlled in part by Asian monsoon variations. Here the existing historical temperature and precipitation records are examined to understand spatiotemporal climate variations and to identify potential mechanisms that have driven desertification in the region over the past 500 years. The focus here is on three severe desertification events that occurred in 1529-46, the 1570s, and 1601-50. The relationships among temperature, precipitation, and desertification indicate that a cold/drought-prone climate drives the desertification process. During the Ming dynasty, this region was one of nine important military districts, where the frontier wall (the Great Wall) and other fortifications were constructed. To maintain the defense system, military officers made a valiant effort to decrease the influence of desertification. However, the human-waged war against nature was largely futile, and local rebellions in the stricken region were spawned by the inability of the government to cope with the severe environmental stresses associated with rapid desertification.
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0015.1
关键词[WOS]ASIAN SUMMER MONSOON ; LAST MILLENNIUM ; NORTHERN CHINA ; COLLAPSE ; RECONSTRUCTION ; HOLOCENE ; REGION ; CITY
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS类目Environmental Studies ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000394405200008
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5522
专题古环境研究室
作者单位1.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Northwest Inst Hist Environm & Socioecon Dev, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Peoples R China
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Cui, Jianxin,Chang, Hong,Cheng, Kaiyue,et al. Climate Change, Desertification, and Societal Responses along the Mu Us Desert Margin during the Ming Dynasty[J]. WEATHER CLIMATE AND SOCIETY,2017,9(1):81-94.
APA Cui, Jianxin,Chang, Hong,Cheng, Kaiyue,&Burr, George S..(2017).Climate Change, Desertification, and Societal Responses along the Mu Us Desert Margin during the Ming Dynasty.WEATHER CLIMATE AND SOCIETY,9(1),81-94.
MLA Cui, Jianxin,et al."Climate Change, Desertification, and Societal Responses along the Mu Us Desert Margin during the Ming Dynasty".WEATHER CLIMATE AND SOCIETY 9.1(2017):81-94.
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