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The age of human remains and associated fauna from Zhiren Cave in Guangxi, southern China
Cai, Yanjun1; Qiang, Xiaoke1; Wang, Xulong1; Jin, Changzhu2; Wang, Yuan2; Zhang, Yingqi2; Trinkaus, Erik3; An, Zhisheng1
AbstractZhiren Cave in southern China is an important site for the study of the origin and the environmental background of early modern humans. The combination of Elephas kiangnanensis, Elephas maximus, and Megatapirus augustus, indicates an early representative of the typical Asian elephant fauna. Previous U-series dating of flowstone calcite has pinpointed an upper age limit for the fossils of about 100 ka. In order to achieve a better comprehension of the chronology of the modern human and contemporaneous faunal assemblage, paleomagnetic, stratigraphic, and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating methods have been applied to the cave sediments. Paleomagnetic analyses reveal that there is a reversed polarity excursion below the fossiliferous layer. This excursion can be regarded as the Blake excursion event, given the U-series ages of the overlying flowstone calcite, the OSL measurements, the virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) path of the excursion, the two reverse polarity zones within this excursion event, and the characteristic of the fauna assemblage. The human remains and mammalian fauna assemblage can be bracketed to 116-106 ka. Application of OSL dating leads to erroneous ages, largely due to the uncertainty associated with the estimation on the dose rates. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
KeywordZhiren Cave Human Remains Paleomagnetic Stratigraphy Asian Elephant Fauna Chronology
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000399509100010
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Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
3.Washington Univ, Dept Anthropol, St Louis, MO 63130 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Yanjun,Qiang, Xiaoke,Wang, Xulong,et al. The age of human remains and associated fauna from Zhiren Cave in Guangxi, southern China[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2017,434(2017):84-91.
APA Cai, Yanjun.,Qiang, Xiaoke.,Wang, Xulong.,Jin, Changzhu.,Wang, Yuan.,...&An, Zhisheng.(2017).The age of human remains and associated fauna from Zhiren Cave in Guangxi, southern China.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,434(2017),84-91.
MLA Cai, Yanjun,et al."The age of human remains and associated fauna from Zhiren Cave in Guangxi, southern China".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 434.2017(2017):84-91.
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