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Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects
Xie, Xiaoning1; Zhang, He2; Liu, Xiaodong1,3; Peng, Yiran4,5; Liu, Yangang6
2017-05-12
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
Volume17Issue:9Pages:5877-5892
SubtypeArticle
AbstractAerosol-induced increase of relative dispersion of cloud droplet size distribution epsilon exerts a warming effect and partly offsets the cooling of aerosol indirect radiative forcing (AIF) associated with increased droplet concentration by increasing the cloud droplet effective radius (R-e) and enhancing the cloud-to-rain autoconversion rate (Au) (labeled as the dispersion effect), which can help reconcile global climate models (GCMs) with the satellite observations. However, the total dispersion effects on both R-e and Au are not fully considered in most GCMs, especially in different versions of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM). In order to accurately evaluate the dispersion effect on AIF, the new complete cloud parameterizations of R-e and Au explicitly accounting for epsilon are implemented into the CAM version 5.1 (CAM5.1), and a suite of sensitivity experiments is conducted with different representations of epsilon reported in the literature. It is shown that the shortwave cloud radiative forcing is much better simulated with the new cloud parameterizations as compared to the standard scheme in CAM5.1, whereas the influences on longwave cloud radiative forcing and surface precipitation are minimal. Additionally, consideration of the dispersion effect can significantly reduce the changes induced by anthropogenic aerosols in the cloud-top effective radius and the liquid water path, especially in the Northern Hemisphere. The corresponding AIF with the dispersion effect considered can also be reduced substantially by a range of 0.10 to 0.21W m(-2) at the global scale and by a much bigger margin of 0.25 to 0.39W m(-2) for the Northern Hemisphere in comparison with that of fixed relative dispersion, mainly dependent on the change of relative dispersion and droplet concentrations (Delta epsilon/Delta N-c).
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.5194/acp-17-5877-2017
WOS KeywordDROPLET SPECTRAL DISPERSION ; COMMUNITY ATMOSPHERE MODEL ; EFFECTIVE RADIUS ; AUTOCONVERSION PROCESS ; STRATOCUMULUS CLOUDS ; BULK MICROPHYSICS ; PART II ; CLIMATE ; REPRESENTATION ; FRAMEWORK
Indexed BySCI
Language英文
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000401332000003
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5479
Collection古环境研究室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Int Ctr Climate & Environm Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Tsinghua Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Earth Syst Modeling, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
5.Tsinghua Univ, Joint Ctr Global Change Studies, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
6.Brookhaven Natl Lab, Environm & Climate Sci Dept, Upton, NY 11973 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xie, Xiaoning,Zhang, He,Liu, Xiaodong,et al. Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects[J]. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,2017,17(9):5877-5892.
APA Xie, Xiaoning,Zhang, He,Liu, Xiaodong,Peng, Yiran,&Liu, Yangang.(2017).Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects.ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,17(9),5877-5892.
MLA Xie, Xiaoning,et al."Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects".ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 17.9(2017):5877-5892.
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