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Long-term trend of O-3 in a mega City (Shanghai), China: Characteristics, causes, and interactions with precursors
Gao, Wei1,2; Tie, Xuexi1,3,4,5; Xu, Jianming1,2; Huang, Rujin3,6; Mao, Xiaoqing1,2; Zhou, Guangqiang1,2; Chang, Luyu1,2
2017-12-15
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
Volume603Issue:2017Pages:425-433
SubtypeArticle
AbstractIn recent years, ozone (O-3) is often the major pollutant during summertime in China. In order to better understand this problem, a long-term measurement of ozone (from 2006 to 2015) and its precursors (NOx and VOCs) as well as the photochemical parameter (UV radiation) in a mega city of China (Shanghai) is analyzed. The focus of this study is to investigate the trend of O-3 and the causes of the O-3 trend in large cities in China. In order to understand the relationship between the O-3 precursors and O-3 formation, two distinguished different sites of measurements are selected in the study, including an urbanization site (XJH-Xujiahui) and a remote site (DT-Dongtan). At the XJH site, there are high local emissions of ozone precursors (such as VOCs and NOx), which is suitable to study the effect of O-3 precursors on O-3 formation. In contrast, at the DT site, where there are low local emissions, the measured result can be used to analyze the background conditions nearby the city of Shanghai. The analysis shows that there were long-term trends of O-3 and NOx concentrations at the urban site (XJH) from 2006 to 2015 (O-3 increasing 67% and NOx decreasing 38%), while there were very small trends of O-3 and NOx concentrations at the background site (DT). The analysis for causing the O-3 trend suggests that (1) the large O-3 increase at the urban area (XJH) was not due to the regional transport of O-3; (2) the measurement of solar radiation had not significant trend during the period, and was not the major cause for the long-term O-3 trend; (3) the measurement of VOCs had small change during the same period, suggesting that the trend in NOx concentrations at the urban site (XJH) was a major factor for causing the long-term change of O-3 at the urban area of Shanghai. As a result, the O-3 and NOx concentrations from 2006 to 2015 at the urban area of Shanghai were strongly anti-correlated, suggesting that the extremely high NOx concentration in the urban area depressed the O-3 concentrations. It is interesting to note that the anti-correlation between O-3 and NOx was in an un-linearly relationship. Under high O-3 concentration condition, the ratio of Delta[O-3]/Delta[NOx] was as large as - 1.5. In contrast, under low O-3 concentrations, the ratio of Delta[O-3]/Delta[NOx] was only - 0.2. This result suggested that when O-3 concentration was high, it was more sensitive to NOx concentration, while when O-3 concentration was low, it was less sensitive to NOx concentration. This study provides useful insights for better understanding the causes of the long-term-trend of regional O-3 pollution nearby Shanghai, and has important implication for air pollution control in large cities in China. Due to the fact that NOx and VOCs are not only precursors for O-3, but also are important precursors for particular matter (PM). If reduction of NOx leads to decrease in PM, but increase in O-3, the NOx emission control become a very complicated issue and need to carefully design a comprehensive control method. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordTrend Of O-3 Nox And Vocs Mega City Air Pollution Shanghai China
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.099
WOS KeywordWRF-CHEM MODEL ; SURFACE OZONE ; FIELD CAMPAIGN ; MEXICO-CITY ; VOCS ; NOX ; VISIBILITY ; IMPACTS ; REGION ; AREA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000405981500045
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5426
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.Shanghai Key Lab Meteorol & Hlth, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
2.Shanghai Meteorol Serv, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Key Lab Aerosol Sci & Technol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Reg Atmospher Environm, Xiamen 361021, Peoples R China
5.NCAR, Boulder, CO 80303 USA
6.PSI, Lab Atmospher Chem, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao, Wei,Tie, Xuexi,Xu, Jianming,et al. Long-term trend of O-3 in a mega City (Shanghai), China: Characteristics, causes, and interactions with precursors[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2017,603(2017):425-433.
APA Gao, Wei.,Tie, Xuexi.,Xu, Jianming.,Huang, Rujin.,Mao, Xiaoqing.,...&Chang, Luyu.(2017).Long-term trend of O-3 in a mega City (Shanghai), China: Characteristics, causes, and interactions with precursors.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,603(2017),425-433.
MLA Gao, Wei,et al."Long-term trend of O-3 in a mega City (Shanghai), China: Characteristics, causes, and interactions with precursors".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 603.2017(2017):425-433.
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