Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change
Nolan, Connor1; Overpeck, Jonathan T.1,2; Allen, Judy R. M.3; Anderson, Patricia M.4; Betancourt, Julio L.5; Binney, Heather A.6; Brewer, Simon7; Bush, Mark B.8; Chase, Brian M.9; Cheddadi, Rachid9; Djamali, Morteza10; Dodson, John11,12; Edwards, Mary E.6,13; Gosling, William D.14,15; Haberle, Simon16; Hotchkiss, Sara C.17; Huntley, Brian3; Ivory, Sarah J.18; Kershaw, A. Peter19; Kim, Soo-Hyun17; Latorre, Claudio20; Leydet, Michelle10; Lezine, Anne-Marie21; Liu, Kam-Biu22; Liu, Yao23; Lozhkin, A. V.24; McGlone, Matt S.25; Marchant, Robert A.26; Momohara, Arata27; Moreno, Patricio I.28,29; Mueller, Stefanie30; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.31; Shen, Caiming32; Stevenson, Janelle33; Takahara, Hikaru34; Tarasov, Pavel E.30; Tipton, John35; Vincens, Annie36; Weng, Chengyu37; Xu, Qinghai38,39; Zheng, Zhuo40; Jackson, Stephen T.1,41
2018-08-31
发表期刊SCIENCE
卷号361期号:6405页码:920-923
文章类型Article
摘要Impacts of global climate change on terrestrial ecosystems are imperfectly constrained by ecosystem models and direct observations. Pervasive ecosystem transformations occurred in response to warming and associated climatic changes during the last glacial-to-interglacial transition, which was comparable in magnitude to warming projected for the next century under high-emission scenarios. We reviewed 594 published paleoecological records to examine compositional and structural changes in terrestrial vegetation since the last glacial period and to project the magnitudes of ecosystem transformations under alternative future emission scenarios. Our results indicate that terrestrial ecosystems are highly sensitive to temperature change and suggest that, without major reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, terrestrial ecosystems worldwide are at risk of major transformation, with accompanying disruption of ecosystem services and impacts on biodiversity.
WOS标题词Science & Technology
DOI10.1126/science.aan5360
关键词[WOS]LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM ; FOREST ; BIODIVERSITY ; DROUGHT ; CONSEQUENCES ; DISTURBANCE ; QUATERNARY ; VEGETATION ; RESPONSES ; RECORD
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000443547000039
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5346
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
作者单位1.Univ Arizona, Dept Geosci, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
2.Univ Michigan, Sch Environm & Sustainabil, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
3.Univ Durham, Dept Biosci, Durham DH1 3LE, England
4.Univ Washington, Dept Earth & Space Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
5.US Geol Survey, Natl Res Program, Reston, VA 20192 USA
6.Univ Southampton, Geog & Environm, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England
7.Univ Utah, Dept Geog, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA
8.Florida Inst Technol, Dept Biol Sci, Melbourne, FL 32901 USA
9.Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR 5554, Inst Sci Evolut Montpellier, Bat 22,CC061,Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier, France
10.Avignon Univ, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,Inst Mediterraneen Biodiversite & Ecol, F-13545 Aix En Provence, France
11.Univ New South Wales, Palaeontol Geobiol & Earth Arch Res Ctr PANGEA, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
12.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 71002, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
13.Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Coll Nat Sci & Math, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA
14.Univ Amsterdam, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Dynam, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam, Netherlands
15.Open Univ, Sch Environm Earth & Ecosyst Sci, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, Bucks, England
16.Australian Natl Univ, Dept Archaeol & Nat Hist, Canberra, ACT, Australia
17.Univ Wisconsin, Dept Bot, Madison, WI 53706 USA
18.Penn State Univ, Dept Geosci, State Coll, PA 16802 USA
19.Monash Univ, Sch Earth Atmosphere & Environm, Melbourne, Vic 3800, Australia
20.Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Ecol, IEB, Santiago, Chile
21.Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, IRD, MNHN,LOCEAN,IPSL Lab, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75005 Paris, France
22.Louisiana State Univ, Dept Oceanog & Coastal Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
23.No Arizona Univ, Sch Informat Comp & Cyber Syst, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA
24.Russian Acad Sci, North East Interdisciplinary Sci Res Inst, Far East Branch, Magadan 685000, Russia
25.Landcare Res, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand
26.Univ York, Dept Environm, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England
27.Chiba Univ, Grad Sch Hort, Matsudo, Chiba 2718510, Japan
28.Univ Chile, Dept Ciencias Ecol, IEB, Santiago, Chile
29.Univ Chile, CR2, Santiago, Chile
30.Free Univ Berlin, Inst Geol Sci, D-12249 Berlin, Germany
31.Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Climate & Global Dynam Lab, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA
32.Yunnan Normal Univ, Key Lab Plateau Lake Ecol & Global Change, Kunming 650092, Yunnan, Peoples R China
33.Australian Natl Univ, Sch Culture Hist & Language, Canberra, ACT, Australia
34.Kyoto Prefectural Univ, Grad Sch Life & Environm Sci, Kyoto 6068522, Japan
35.Univ Arkansas, Dept Math Sci, Fayetteville, AR 72701 USA
36.CEREGE, F-13545 Aix En Provence, France
37.Tongji Univ, Sch Ocean & Earth Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China
38.Hebei Normal Univ, Inst Nihewan Archaeol, Shijiazhuang 050024, Hebei, Peoples R China
39.Hebei Normal Univ, Coll Resource & Environm Sci, Shijiazhuang 050024, Hebei, Peoples R China
40.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Earth Sci & Engn, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Geodynam & Geohazards, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
41.US Geol Survey, Southwest Climate Adaptat Sci Ctr, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
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GB/T 7714
Nolan, Connor,Overpeck, Jonathan T.,Allen, Judy R. M.,et al. Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change[J]. SCIENCE,2018,361(6405):920-923.
APA Nolan, Connor.,Overpeck, Jonathan T..,Allen, Judy R. M..,Anderson, Patricia M..,Betancourt, Julio L..,...&Jackson, Stephen T..(2018).Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change.SCIENCE,361(6405),920-923.
MLA Nolan, Connor,et al."Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change".SCIENCE 361.6405(2018):920-923.
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