IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
A reassessment of the early archaeologicalrecord at Leang Burung 2, a Late Pleistocenerock-shelter site on the Indonesian island ofSulawesi
Adam Brumm1; Budianto Hakim2; Muhammad Ramli3; Maxime Aubert1,4; Gerrit D. van den Bergh5; Basran Burhan6; Andi Muhammad Saiful2; Linda Siagian7; Ratno Sardi2; Andi Jusdi8; Abdullah8; Andi Pampang Mubarak8; Mark W. Moore9; Richard G. Roberts5,10; Jian-xin Zhao11; David McGahan1; Brian G. Jones12; Yinika Perston9; Katherine Szabo´5; M. Irfan Mahmud2; Kira Westaway13; Jatmiko10,14; E. Wahyu Saptomo10,14; Sander van der Kaars15,16; Rainer Gru¨n1,17; Rachel Wood17; John Dodson12,18; Michael J. Morwood5
2018-04-11
Source PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume13Issue:4
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractThis paper presents a reassessment of the archaeological record at Leang Burung 2, a key early human occupation site in the Late Pleistocene of Southeast Asia. Excavated originally by Ian Glover in 1975, this limestone rock-shelter in the Maros karsts of Sulawesi, Indonesia, has long held significance in our understanding of early human dispersals into ‘Wallacea’, the vast zone of oceanic islands between continental Asia and Australia. We present new stratigraphic information and dating evidence from Leang Burung 2 collected during the course of our excavations at this site in 2007 and 2011–13. Our findings suggest that the classic Late Pleistocene modern human occupation sequence identified previously at Leang Burung 2, and proposed to span around 31,000 to 19,000 conventional 14C years BP (~35–24 ka cal BP), may actually represent an amalgam of reworked archaeological materials. Sources for cultural materials of mixed ages comprise breccias from the rear wall of the rock-shelter–remnants of older, eroded deposits dated to 35–23 ka cal BP–and cultural remains of early Holocene antiquity. Below the upper levels affected by the mass loss of Late Pleistocene deposits, our deep-trench excavations uncovered evidence for an earlier hominin presence at the site. These findings include fossils of now-extinct proboscideans and other ‘megafauna’ in stratified context, as well as a cobble-based stone artifact technology comparable to that produced by late Middle Pleistocene hominins elsewhere on Sulawesi.
Indexed BySCI
Project NumberDP0879624 and Discovery Early Career Researcher Award DE130101560 ; FT140100384 ; FL130100116 ; FT100100384
Language英语
Funding OrganizationAustralian Research Council fellowships awarded to A.B ; Australian Research Council fellowships awarded to A.B ; Future Fellowship ; Future Fellowship ; Laureate Fellowship ; Laureate Fellowship ; Future Fellowship ; Future Fellowship ; a start-up grant from the University of Wollongong’s Centre for Archaeological Science, awarded to K.S. and A.B ; a start-up grant from the University of Wollongong’s Centre for Archaeological Science, awarded to K.S. and A.B
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5253
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Corresponding AuthorAdam Brumm
Affiliation1.Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, Environmental Futures Research Institute, GriffithUniversity, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
2.Balai Arkeologi Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
3.Balai Pelestarian Cagar Budaya, Jambi, Indonesia
4.Place, Evolution and Rock Art Heritage Unit (PERAHU), Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
5.Centre for Archaeological Science, School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
6.Independent Archaeologist, Makassar, Indonesia
7.Museum Kepresidenan Republik Indonesia Balai Kirti,Paledang-Bogor, Indonesia
8.Balai Pelestarian Cagar Budaya, Makassar, Indonesia
9.Stone Tools andCognition Hub, School of Humanities, Archaeology and Palaeoanthropology, University of New England,Armidale, New South Wales, Australia
10.ARC Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
11.School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
12.School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
13.Department of Environmental Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
14.Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional (ARKENAS), Jakarta, Indonesia
15.Cluster Earth & Climate, Facultyof Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
16.School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
17.Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
18.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an,Yanta District, Shaanxi, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Adam Brumm,Budianto Hakim,Muhammad Ramli,et al. A reassessment of the early archaeologicalrecord at Leang Burung 2, a Late Pleistocenerock-shelter site on the Indonesian island ofSulawesi[J]. PLoS ONE,2018,13(4).
APA Adam Brumm.,Budianto Hakim.,Muhammad Ramli.,Maxime Aubert.,Gerrit D. van den Bergh.,...&Michael J. Morwood.(2018).A reassessment of the early archaeologicalrecord at Leang Burung 2, a Late Pleistocenerock-shelter site on the Indonesian island ofSulawesi.PLoS ONE,13(4).
MLA Adam Brumm,et al."A reassessment of the early archaeologicalrecord at Leang Burung 2, a Late Pleistocenerock-shelter site on the Indonesian island ofSulawesi".PLoS ONE 13.4(2018).
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