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A major change in precipitation gradient on the Chinese Loess Plateau at thePliocene-Quaternary boundary
Peng, WB(Peng, Wenbin)1; Nie, JS(Nie, Junsheng)1; Wang, Z(Wang, Zhao)1; Qiang, XK(Qiang, Xiaoke)2; Eduardo Garzanti3; Katharina Pfaff4; Song, YG(Song, Yougui)2; Thomas Stevens5; Nie, Junsheng
2018-04-15
Source PublicationJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume155Issue:2018Pages:134-138
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractSpatiotemporal variations in East Asian Monsoon (EAM) precipitation during the Quaternary have been intensively studied. However, spatial variations in pre-Quaternary EAM precipitation remain largely uninvestigated, preventing a clear understanding of monsoon dynamics during a warmer climatic period. Here we compare the spatial differences in heavy mineral assemblages between Quaternary loess and pre-Quaternary Red Clay on the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) to analyze spatial patterns in weathering. Prior studies have revealed that unstable hornblende is the dominant (50%) heavy mineral in Chinese loess deposited over the past 500 ka, whereas hornblende content decreases to < 10% in strata older than 1 Ma in the central CLP because of diagenesis. In the present study we found that hornblende is the dominant heavy mineral in 22.7 Ma loess on the northeastern CLP (at Jiaxian), which today receives little precipitation. Conversely, hornblende content in the upper Miocene-Pliocene Red Clay at Jiaxian is < 10%, as in the central CLP. The early Quaternary abundance of hornblende at Jiaxian indicates that the current northwestward-decreasing precipitation pattern and consequent dry climate at Jiaxian must have been initiated since 2.7 Ma, preventing hornblende dissolution to amounts < 10% as observed in the central CLP. By contrast, the 7 Ma and 3 Ma Jiaxian Red Clay hornblende content is significantly less than that of the Xifeng samples, despite the fact that today Xifeng receives more precipitation than Jiaxian, with expected enhanced hornblende weathering. This suggests that the northeastern
CLP received more precipitation during the Late Miocene-Pliocene than at Xifeng, indicating that the precipitation gradient on the CLP was more east
west during the Late Miocene-Pliocene rather than northwestsoutheast as it was in the Quaternary. A comparison of magnetic susceptibility records for these sections confirms this inference. We attribute this major change in climatic patterns at 2.7 Ma to decreased northward
moisture transportation associated with Northern Hemisphere glaciation and cooling in the Quaternary. This study therefore demonstrates the potential usefulness of employing heavy mineral analysis in both paleoclimatic and paleooceanographic reconstructions.

KeywordHeavy Mineral Qemscan Loess Red Clay Precipitation Quaternary Pliocene Hornblende Weathering
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5252
Collection古环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorNie, Junsheng
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environment Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu730000, China
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology (SKLLQG), Institute of Earth Environment Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China
3.Department of Earth and Environmental Scienceso, Universita' di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dellaScienza 4, 20126 Milano, Italy
4.Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 1516 Illinois Street, Golden, CO 80401, USA
5.Department of Earth Sciences, Villavägan 16, Uppsala University, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, WB,Nie, JS,Wang, Z,et al. A major change in precipitation gradient on the Chinese Loess Plateau at thePliocene-Quaternary boundary[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,2018,155(2018):134-138.
APA Peng, WB.,Nie, JS.,Wang, Z.,Qiang, XK.,Eduardo Garzanti.,...&Nie, Junsheng.(2018).A major change in precipitation gradient on the Chinese Loess Plateau at thePliocene-Quaternary boundary.Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,155(2018),134-138.
MLA Peng, WB,et al."A major change in precipitation gradient on the Chinese Loess Plateau at thePliocene-Quaternary boundary".Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 155.2018(2018):134-138.
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