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Intra-Urban Levels, Spatial Variability, Possible Sources and Health Risks of PM2.5 Bound Phthalate Esters in Xi'an
Wang, Jingzhi1,2; Dong, Zhibao1,3; Li, Xiaoping1; Gao, Meiling4; Ho, Steven Sai Hang2,5; Wang, Gehui2; Xiao, Shun1; Cao, Junji2,6
2018-02-01
Source PublicationAEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH
Volume18Issue:2Pages:485-496
SubtypeArticle
AbstractPhthalate esters (PAEs) are abundant semi-volatile organic compounds in fine particulate. PM2.5 bound PAEs can inhale into the body with breath, which can cause negative effects to human health. In this study, total of 266 PM2.5 samples dispersed from nineteen communities in Xi'an, were collected at December, 2013, the heavy pollution periods. Most of them are from residential areas, and four of them are in universities. Much high levels of PAEs were obtained in this study, which were from 271.7 to 2134 ng m(-3) (952.6 ng m(-3) on average). DEHP was the dominant species, with an average of 402.4 ng m(-3), and attributed for 42.2% of the total PAEs, followed by BBZP (146.8 ng m(-3) on average) and accounted for 15.4% of the total PAEs. Relative humidity and ventilation coefficient are the two meteorological factors affect the PAEs pollutions during the sampling periods. PAEs showed a declined trend from the urban to suburban. The principal component analysis (PCA) investigated that the release from plasticizer using in vinyl flooring, inks, synthetic leather, adhesives, and food contact wrapping; and emissions from cosmetics and personal care products, varnish, and volatilization from solid waste landfill or sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plant are the main sources for PAEs (86.8% of total PAEs). The daily inhalation and cancer risk assessment displayed that possible risk for all age group persons in this area, and infants are the most susceptible population.
KeywordPhthalate Esters Nineteen Communities Spatial Variability Possible Sources Health Risks
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.4209/aaqr.2017.09.0333
WOS KeywordPOLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS ; HUMAN EXPOSURE ; INDOOR AIR ; HOUSE-DUST ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; ACID ESTERS ; BISPHENOL-A ; TEMPORAL VARIATION ; POLLUTION LEVELS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000427409600016
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5227
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Tourism, Natl Demonstrat Ctr Expt Geog Educ, Xian 710062, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Cold & Arid Reg Environm & Engn Res Inst, Key Lab Desert & Desertificat, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
4.Univ Calif Berkeley, Sch Publ Hlth, Environm Hlth Sci Div, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
5.Desert Res Inst, Div Atmospher Sci, Reno, NV 89512 USA
6.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Global Environm Change, Xian 710049, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Jingzhi,Dong, Zhibao,Li, Xiaoping,et al. Intra-Urban Levels, Spatial Variability, Possible Sources and Health Risks of PM2.5 Bound Phthalate Esters in Xi'an[J]. AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH,2018,18(2):485-496.
APA Wang, Jingzhi.,Dong, Zhibao.,Li, Xiaoping.,Gao, Meiling.,Ho, Steven Sai Hang.,...&Cao, Junji.(2018).Intra-Urban Levels, Spatial Variability, Possible Sources and Health Risks of PM2.5 Bound Phthalate Esters in Xi'an.AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH,18(2),485-496.
MLA Wang, Jingzhi,et al."Intra-Urban Levels, Spatial Variability, Possible Sources and Health Risks of PM2.5 Bound Phthalate Esters in Xi'an".AEROSOL AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH 18.2(2018):485-496.
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