IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates
Waters, Colin N.1; Zalasiewicz, Jan1; Summerhayes, Colin2; Fairchild, Ian J.3; Rose, Neil L.4; Loader, Neil J.5; Shotyk, William6; Cearreta, Alejandro7; Head, Martin J.8; Syvitski, James P. M.9; Williams, Mark1; Wagreich, Michael10; Barnosky, Anthony D.11; Zhisheng, An12; Leinfelder, Reinhold13; Jeandel, Catherine14; Galuszka, Agnieszka15; do Sul, Juliana A. Ivar16; Gradstein, Felix17; Steffen, Will18; McNeill, John R.19; Wing, Scott20; Poirier, Clement21; Edgeworth, Matt22
AbstractThe Anthropocene as a potential new unit of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart (which serves as the basis of the Geological Time Scale) is assessed in terms of the stratigraphic markers and approximate boundary levels available to define the base of the unit. The task of assessing and selecting potential Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) candidate sections, a required part of the process in seeking formalisation of the term, is now being actively pursued. Here, we review the suitability of different stratified palaeoenvironmental settings and facies as potential hosts for a candidate GSSP and auxiliary sections, and the relevant stratigraphical markers for correlation. Published examples are evaluated for their strengths and weaknesses in this respect. A marked upturn in abundance of radioisotopes of Pu-239 or C-14, approximately in 1952 and 1954 CE respectively, broadly coincident with a downturn in delta C-13 values, is applicable across most environments. Principal palaeoenvironments examined include: settings associated with accumulations of anthropogenic material, marine anoxic basins, coral reefs, estuaries and deltas, lakes at various latitudes, peat bogs, snow/ice layers, speleothems and trees. Together, many of these geographically diverse palaeoenvironments offer annual/subannual laminae that can be counted and independently dated radiometrically (e.g. by Pb-210). Examples of possible sections offer the possibility of correlation with annual/seasonal resolution. From among such examples, a small number of potentially representative sites require the acquisition of more systematic and comprehensive datasets, with correlation established between sections, to allow selection of a candidate GSSP and auxiliary stratotypes. The assessments in this paper will help find the optimal locations for these sections.
KeywordAnthropocene Global Boundary Stratotype Sections And Points Chronostratigraphy Palaeoenvironments
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000430774000015
Citation statistics
Cited Times:63[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Univ Leicester, Sch Geog Geol & Environm, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England
2.Univ Cambridge, Scott Polar Res Inst, Lensfield Rd, Cambridge CB2 1ER, England
3.Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England
4.UCL, Dept Geog, Environm Change Res Ctr, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, England
5.Swansea Univ, Dept Geog, Singleton Pk, Swansea SA2 8PP, W Glam, Wales
6.Univ Alberta, Dept Renewable Resources, 348B South Acad Bldg, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1, Canada
7.Univ Basque Country, Fac Ciencia & Tecnol, Dept Estratig & Paleont, UPV EHU, Apartado 644, E-48080 Bilbao, Spain
8.Brock Univ, Dept Earth Sci, 1812 Sir Isaac Brock Way, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada
9.Univ Colorado, Boulder Campus,Box 545, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
10.Univ Vienna, Dept Geodynam & Sedimentol, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
11.Stanford Univ, Jasper Ridge Biol Preserve, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
12.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
13.Free Univ Berlin, Dept Geol Sci, Malteserstr 74-100, D-12249 Berlin, Germany
14.Univ Toulouse, CNRS, LEGOS, CNES,IRD, 14 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31400 Toulouse, France
15.Jan Kochanowski Univ Humanities & Sci, Inst Chem, Geochem & Environm Div, 15G Swietokrzyska St, PL-25406 Kielce, Poland
16.Leibniz Inst Balt Sea Res Warnemuende IOW, Biol Oceanog Sect, Seestr 15, D-18119 Rostock, Germany
17.Nat Hist Museum, Postboks 1172, N-0318 Oslo, Norway
18.Australian Natl Univ, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
19.Georgetown Univ, Washington, DC USA
20.Smithsonian Inst, Washington, DC 20013 USA
21.Univ Caen Normandie, CNRS, Morphodynam Continentale & Cotiere, 24 Rue Tilleuls, F-14000 Caen, France
22.Univ Leicester, Sch Archaeol & Ancient Hist, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Waters, Colin N.,Zalasiewicz, Jan,Summerhayes, Colin,et al. Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates[J]. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,2018,178(3):379-429.
APA Waters, Colin N..,Zalasiewicz, Jan.,Summerhayes, Colin.,Fairchild, Ian J..,Rose, Neil L..,...&Edgeworth, Matt.(2018).Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates.EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,178(3),379-429.
MLA Waters, Colin N.,et al."Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and how to look for potential candidates".EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 178.3(2018):379-429.
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