IEECAS OpenIR  > 粉尘与环境研究室
Hazard Quotients, Hazard Indexes, and Cancer Risks of Toxic Metals in PM10 during Firework Displays
Pongpiachan, Siwatt1,2; Iijima, Akihiro3; Cao, Junji2
2018-04-01
Source PublicationATMOSPHERE
Volume9Issue:144Pages:1-18
SubtypeArticle
AbstractBonfire night is a worldwide phenomenon given to numerous annual celebrations characterised by bonfires and fireworks. Since Thailand has no national ambient air quality standards for metal particulates, it is important to investigate the impacts of particulate injections on elevations of air pollutants and the ecological health impacts resulting from firework displays. In this investigation, Pb and Ba were considered potential firework tracers because their concentrations were significantly higher during the episode, and lower than/comparable with minimum detection limits during other periods, indicating that their elevated concentrations were principally due to pyrotechnic displays. Pb/Ca, Pb/Al, Pb/Mg, and Pb/Cu can be used to pin-point emissions from firework displays. Air mass backward trajectories (72 h) from the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model indicated that areas east and north-east of the study site were the main sources of the airborne particles. Although the combined risk associated with levels of Pb, Cr, Co., Ni, Zn, As, Cd, V, and Mn was far below the standards mentioned in international guidelines, the lifetime cancer risks associated with As and Cr levels exceeded US-EPA guidelines, and may expose inhabitants of surrounding areas of Bangkok to an elevated cancer risk.
KeywordFirework Displays Toxic Metals Principal Component Analysis Risk Assessment Hazard Quotient Hazard Index
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.3390/atmos9040144
WOS KeywordPOLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; MUNICIPAL SOLID-WASTE ; POSITIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION ; AIRBORNE PARTICULATE MATTER ; CHINESE SPRING FESTIVAL ; DAY-OF-WEEK ; HEAVY-METALS ; AMBIENT AIR ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; HEALTH-RISK
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000435178000030
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5125
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Affiliation1.NIDA, Ctr Res & Dev Disaster Prevent & Management, Sch Social & Environm Dev, 118 Moo 3,Sereethai Rd, Bangkok 10240, Thailand
2.Chinese Acad Sci IEECAS, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Xian 710075, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Takasaki City Univ Econ, Dept Reg Activat, Fac Reg Policy, 1300 Kaminamie, Takasaki, Gumma 3700801, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pongpiachan, Siwatt,Iijima, Akihiro,Cao, Junji. Hazard Quotients, Hazard Indexes, and Cancer Risks of Toxic Metals in PM10 during Firework Displays[J]. ATMOSPHERE,2018,9(144):1-18.
APA Pongpiachan, Siwatt,Iijima, Akihiro,&Cao, Junji.(2018).Hazard Quotients, Hazard Indexes, and Cancer Risks of Toxic Metals in PM10 during Firework Displays.ATMOSPHERE,9(144),1-18.
MLA Pongpiachan, Siwatt,et al."Hazard Quotients, Hazard Indexes, and Cancer Risks of Toxic Metals in PM10 during Firework Displays".ATMOSPHERE 9.144(2018):1-18.
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