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Organosulfates in atmospheric aerosol: synthesis and quantitative analysis of PM2.5 from Xi'an, northwestern China
Huang, Ru-Jin1,2; Cao, Junji1; Chen, Yang3; Yang, Lu1; Shen, Jincan4; You, Qihua2; Wang, Kai1,5; Lin, Chunshui1,6,7; Xu, Wei1,6,7; Gao, Bo1; Li, Yongjie8; Chen, Qi9; Hoffmann, Thorsten5; O'Dowd, Colin D.6,7; Bilde, Merete10; Glasius, Marianne10
AbstractThe sources, formation mechanism and amount of organosulfates (OS) in atmospheric aerosol are not yet well understood, partly due to the lack of authentic standards for quantification. In this study, we report an improved robust procedure for the synthesis of organosulfates with different functional groups. Nine authentic organosulfate standards were synthesized and four standards (benzyl sulfate, phenyl sulfate, glycolic acid sulfate, and hydroxyacetone sulfate) were used to quantify their ambient concentrations. The authentic standards and ambient aerosol samples were analyzed using an optimized ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric method (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS). The recovery ranged from 80.4 to 93.2 %, the limits of detection and limits of quantification obtained were 1.1-16.7 and 3.4-55.6 pg m(-3), respectively. Measurements of ambient aerosol particle samples collected in winter 2013/2014 in urban Xi'an, northwestern China, show that glycolic acid sulfate (77.3 +/- 49.2 ng m(-3)) is the most abundant species of the identified organosulfates followed by hydroxyacetone sulfate (1.3 +/- 0.5 ng m(-3)), phenyl sulfate (0.14 +/- 0.09 ng m(-3)), and benzyl sulfate (0.04 +/- 0.01 ng m(-3)). Except for hydroxyacetone sulfate, which seems to form mainly from biogenic emissions in this region, the organosulfates quantified during winter in Xi'an show an increasing trend with an increase in the mass concentrations of organic carbon indicating their anthropogenic origin.
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000435490500001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:40[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth & Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Xiamen Huaxia Univ, Ctr Atmospher & Marine Sci, Xiamen 361024, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Chongqing Inst Green & Intelligent Technol, Key Lab Reservoir Aquat Environm, Chongqing 400714, Peoples R China
4.Shenzhen Entry Exit Inspect & Quarantine Bur, Food Inspect & Quarantine Ctr, Shenzhen Key Lab Detect Technol R&D Food Safety, Shenzhen 518045, Peoples R China
5.Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Inorgan & Analyt Chem, Duesbergweg 10-14, D-55128 Mainz, Germany
6.Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Ryan Inst, Sch Phys, Univ Rd, Galway, Ireland
7.Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Ryan Inst, Ctr Climate & Air Pollut Studies, Univ Rd, Galway, Ireland
8.Univ Macau, Fac Sci & Technol, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Taipa, Macao, Peoples R China
9.Peking Univ, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, State Key Joint Lab Environm Simulat & Pollut Con, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
10.Aarhus Univ, Dept Chem, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, Ru-Jin,Cao, Junji,Chen, Yang,et al. Organosulfates in atmospheric aerosol: synthesis and quantitative analysis of PM2.5 from Xi'an, northwestern China[J]. ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES,2018,11(6):3447-3456.
APA Huang, Ru-Jin.,Cao, Junji.,Chen, Yang.,Yang, Lu.,Shen, Jincan.,...&Glasius, Marianne.(2018).Organosulfates in atmospheric aerosol: synthesis and quantitative analysis of PM2.5 from Xi'an, northwestern China.ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES,11(6),3447-3456.
MLA Huang, Ru-Jin,et al."Organosulfates in atmospheric aerosol: synthesis and quantitative analysis of PM2.5 from Xi'an, northwestern China".ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES 11.6(2018):3447-3456.
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