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题名: Global Modern Charcoal Dataset (GMCD): A tool for exploring proxy-fire linkages and spatial patterns of biomass burning
作者: Hawthorne, Donna1;  Mustaphi, Colin J. Courtney2;  Aleman, Julie C.3;  Blarquez, Olivier4;  Colombaroli, Daniele5, 6;  Daniau, Anne-Laure7;  Marlon, Jennifer R.8;  Power, Mitchell9;  Vanniere, Boris10;  Han, Yongming11, 12;  Hantson, Stijn13;  Kehrwald, Natalie14;  Magi, Brian15;  Yue, Xu8;  Carcaillet, Christopher16, 17;  Marchant, Rob2;  Ogunkoya, Ayodele18;  Githumbi, Esther N.2;  Muriuki, Rebecca M.19
通讯作者: Hawthorne, Donna
关键词: Biomass burning ;  Standardized methodologies ;  Surface sample ;  Calibration ;  Dataset ;  Vegetation
刊名: QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
发表日期: 2018-09-20
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.03.046
期: 488, 页:3-17
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Geography, Physical ;  Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
研究领域[WOS]: Physical Geography ;  Geology
英文摘要: Progresses in reconstructing Earth's history of biomass burning has motivated the development of a modern charcoal dataset covering the last decades through a community-based initiative called the Global Modern Charcoal Dataset (GMCD). As the frequency, intensity and spatial scale of fires are predicted to increase regionally and globally in conjunction with changing climate, anthropogenic activities and land-use patterns, there is an increasing need to further understand, calibrate and interrogate recent and past fire regimes as related to changing fire emissions and changing carbon sources and sinks. Discussions at the PAGES Global Paleofire Working Group workshop 2015, including paleoecologists, numerical modelers, statisticians, paleochmatologists, archeologists, and anthropologists, identified an urgent need for an open, standardized, quality-controlled and globally representative dataset of modern sedimentary charcoal and other sediment-based fire proxies. This dataset fits into a gap between metrics of biomass burning indicators, current fire regimes and land cover, and carbon emissions inventories. The dataset will enable the calibration of paleofire data with other modern datasets including: data of satellite derived fire occurrence, vegetation patterns and species diversity, land cover change, and a range of sources capturing biochemical cycling. Standardized protocols are presented for collecting and analyzing sediment-based fire proxies, including charcoal, levoglucosan, black carbon, and soot. The GMCD will provide a publically-accessible repository of modern fire sediment surface samples in all terrestrial ecosystems. Sample collection and contributions to the dataset will be solicited from lacustrine, peat, marine, glacial, or other sediments, from a wide variety of ecosystems and geographic locations. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: YELLOWSTONE-NATIONAL-PARK ;  TREE-RING RECORDS ;  BLACK CARBON ;  SEDIMENTARY CHARCOAL ;  CLIMATE-CHANGE ;  MICROSCOPIC CHARCOAL ;  MACROSCOPIC CHARCOAL ;  ELEMENTAL CARBON ;  FOREST-FIRES ;  BURNED AREA
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000440001100002
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5088
Appears in Collections:粉尘与环境研究室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Trinity Coll Dublin, Sch Nat Sci, Bot Dept, Dublin 2, Ireland
2.Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England
3.Yale Univ, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, New Haven, CT USA
4.Univ Montreal, Dept Geog, Montreal, PQ, Canada
5.Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland
6.Univ Bern, Oeschger Ctr Climate Change Res, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland
7.Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, EPOC, Unite Mixte Rech UMR 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France
8.Yale Univ, Sch Forestry & Environm Studies, New Haven, CT 06511 USA
9.Univ Utah, 260 S Campus Dr,Room 270,Orson Spencer Hall, Salt Lake City, UT USA
10.Univ Franche Comte, Chronoenvironm Lab, CNRS, 16 Route Gray, F-25030 Besancon, France
11.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
12.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
13.Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Meteorol & Climate Res, Atmospher Environm Res, D-82467 Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany
14.US Geol Survey, Geosci & Environm Climate Change Sci Ctr, Denver Fed Ctr, Lakewood, CO 80225 USA
15.Univ New Haven North Carolina Charlotte, Charlotte, NC USA
16.Univ Lyon 1, EPHE, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
17.Univ Lyon 1, Lab Ecol Nat & Man Made Hydrosyst, CNRS, UMR5023, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
18.Montana State Univ, Dept Ecol, Bozeman, MT 59717 USA
19.Natl Museums Kenya, Earth Sci Dept, Palaeobot & Palynol Sect, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Recommended Citation:
Hawthorne, Donna,Mustaphi, Colin J. Courtney,Aleman, Julie C.,et al. Global Modern Charcoal Dataset (GMCD): A tool for exploring proxy-fire linkages and spatial patterns of biomass burning[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2018(488):3-17.
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