Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China
Bao, Yige1,2; Zhou, Xinying1,2; Liu, Hanbin1,2; Hu, Songmei3; Zhao, Keliang1,2; Atahan, Pia4; Dodson, John5,6; Li, Xiaoqiang1,2
2018-08-03
发表期刊PLOS ONE
卷号13期号:8页码:1-17
文章类型Article
摘要Based on chronological and archaeobotanical studies of 15 Neolithic and Bronze Age sites from the northern Chinese Loess Plateau and southern Inner Mongolia-the agro-pastoral zone of China-we document changes in the agricultural system over time. The results show that wheat and rice were not the major crops of the ancient agricultural systems in these areas, since their remains are rarely recovered, and that millet cultivation was dominant. Millet agriculture increased substantially from 3000 BC-2000 BC, and foxtail millet evidently comprised a high proportion of the cultivated crop plants during this period. In addition, as the human population increased from the Yangshao to the Longshan periods, the length and width of common millet seeds increased by 20-30%. This demonstrates the co-evolution of both plants and the human population in the region. Overall, our results reveal a complex agricultural-gardening system based on the cultivation of common millet, foxtail millet, soybeans and fruit trees, indicating a high food diversity and selectivity of the human population.
WOS标题词Science & Technology
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0198750
关键词[WOS]PLANT DOMESTICATION ; TIBETAN PLATEAU ; DAIHAI LAKE ; EAST-ASIA ; ORIGINS ; SPREAD ; HISTORY ; CLIMATE ; RECORD ; MODEL
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000440768100001
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5081
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, State Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origin, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shaanxi Prov Inst Archaeol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
4.Australian Nucl Sci & Technol Org, Inst Environm Res, Kirrawee Dc, NSW, Australia
5.Univ Wollongong, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
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Bao, Yige,Zhou, Xinying,Liu, Hanbin,et al. Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China[J]. PLOS ONE,2018,13(8):1-17.
APA Bao, Yige.,Zhou, Xinying.,Liu, Hanbin.,Hu, Songmei.,Zhao, Keliang.,...&Li, Xiaoqiang.(2018).Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China.PLOS ONE,13(8),1-17.
MLA Bao, Yige,et al."Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China".PLOS ONE 13.8(2018):1-17.
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