IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China
Bao, Yige1,2; Zhou, Xinying1,2; Liu, Hanbin1,2; Hu, Songmei3; Zhao, Keliang1,2; Atahan, Pia4; Dodson, John5,6; Li, Xiaoqiang1,2
2018-08-03
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
Volume13Issue:8Pages:1-17
SubtypeArticle
AbstractBased on chronological and archaeobotanical studies of 15 Neolithic and Bronze Age sites from the northern Chinese Loess Plateau and southern Inner Mongolia-the agro-pastoral zone of China-we document changes in the agricultural system over time. The results show that wheat and rice were not the major crops of the ancient agricultural systems in these areas, since their remains are rarely recovered, and that millet cultivation was dominant. Millet agriculture increased substantially from 3000 BC-2000 BC, and foxtail millet evidently comprised a high proportion of the cultivated crop plants during this period. In addition, as the human population increased from the Yangshao to the Longshan periods, the length and width of common millet seeds increased by 20-30%. This demonstrates the co-evolution of both plants and the human population in the region. Overall, our results reveal a complex agricultural-gardening system based on the cultivation of common millet, foxtail millet, soybeans and fruit trees, indicating a high food diversity and selectivity of the human population.
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0198750
WOS KeywordPLANT DOMESTICATION ; TIBETAN PLATEAU ; DAIHAI LAKE ; EAST-ASIA ; ORIGINS ; SPREAD ; HISTORY ; CLIMATE ; RECORD ; MODEL
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000440768100001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/5081
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, State Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origin, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shaanxi Prov Inst Archaeol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
4.Australian Nucl Sci & Technol Org, Inst Environm Res, Kirrawee Dc, NSW, Australia
5.Univ Wollongong, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bao, Yige,Zhou, Xinying,Liu, Hanbin,et al. Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China[J]. PLOS ONE,2018,13(8):1-17.
APA Bao, Yige.,Zhou, Xinying.,Liu, Hanbin.,Hu, Songmei.,Zhao, Keliang.,...&Li, Xiaoqiang.(2018).Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China.PLOS ONE,13(8),1-17.
MLA Bao, Yige,et al."Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China".PLOS ONE 13.8(2018):1-17.
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