IEECAS OpenIR
Uncertainty in the projected changes of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming in CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model ensembles
Zhang, Zhiyuan1,2,3; Li, Gen1,2
Corresponding AuthorLi, Gen(ligen@hhu.edu.cn)
2022-05-03
Source PublicationCLIMATE DYNAMICS
ISSN0930-7575
Pages19
AbstractThe Sahel summer rainfall is of great significance to the local social, economic, and cultural environment. In the context of a long Sahel megadrought in the last thirty years of the twentieth century, the future change of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming has aroused wide attention. Based on the historical simulations and high emission scenario experiments from 20 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase-5 (CMIP5) models and 22 CMIP6 models, this study investigates the future projections of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming. The results show that the multi-model ensemble (MME) mean projects a slight increase (1-2%/celcius) of summer rainfall over the Sahel in the future which seems to be due to the thermodynamic changes and opposed by the dynamic changes, but that the inter-model spread is due to the latter. We find that, in particular, the inter-model spreads in the extratropical northern and tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST) changes are two important sources of the uncertainty in the Sahel summer rainfall projections via two different atmospheric teleconnection processes. On the one hand, a warmer northern Atlantic SST would induce an anomalous large-scale cyclone over North Africa and Europe, and the southern branch would strengthen the western African monsoonal circulation, leading to a wetter Sahel. On the other hand, a warmer tropical Atlantic SST would weaken the regional circulation, resulting in a drier Sahel. Our results suggest that an improved projection of the future Atlantic warming, especially the differential warming between the northern and tropical Atlantic, is a priority for the reliable future projection of Sahel summer rainfall.
KeywordSahel summer rainfall Future projection Inter-model uncertainty Global warming Atlantic Ocean warming Atmospheric teleconnection
DOI10.1007/s00382-022-06284-3
WOS KeywordWEST-AFRICAN MONSOON ; FUTURE PROJECTIONS ; TROPICAL RAINFALL ; CLIMATE ; PRECIPITATION ; 20TH-CENTURY ; VARIABILITY ; DROUGHT ; LAND ; CIRCULATION
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNatural Science Foundation of China[41831175] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[B200202138] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[B210201015] ; Open Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology of China[SKLLQG1939]
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Open Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology of China
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000790178900002
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/17723
Collection中国科学院地球环境研究所
黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Corresponding AuthorLi, Gen
Affiliation1.Hohai Univ, Coll Oceanog, Nanjing, Peoples R China
2.Southern Marine Sci & Engn Guangdong Lab Zhuhai, Zhuhai, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Zhiyuan,Li, Gen. Uncertainty in the projected changes of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming in CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model ensembles[J]. CLIMATE DYNAMICS,2022:19.
APA Zhang, Zhiyuan,&Li, Gen.(2022).Uncertainty in the projected changes of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming in CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model ensembles.CLIMATE DYNAMICS,19.
MLA Zhang, Zhiyuan,et al."Uncertainty in the projected changes of Sahel summer rainfall under global warming in CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model ensembles".CLIMATE DYNAMICS (2022):19.
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