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Chemical characteristics and sources of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at a regional site in the North China Plain during the transition period of autumn and winter
Wang, Meng1; Wang, Qiyuan2,3; Ho, Steven Sai Hang4,5; Li, Huan6; Zhang, Renjian7,8; Ran, Weikang2; Qu, Linli5; Lee, Shun-cheng1; Cao, Junji2,3
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiyuan(wangqy@ieecas.cn) ; Lee, Shun-cheng(shun-cheng.lee@polyu.edu.hk) ; Cao, Junji(jjcao@mail.iap.ac.cn)
2022-03-15
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
Volume812Pages:10
AbstractOrganic nitrogen constitutes a significant fraction of the nitrogen budget in particulate matter (PM). However, the composition and sources of nitrogen-containing organic compounds (NOCs) in PM remain unclear currently in North China Plain (NCP), China. Rare local or regional studies on NOCs were conducted. In this study, ambient fine particles (PM2.5) were collected in Xianghe, a regional background site in NCP, from 26 October to 26 December 2017. The insights from this study include NOC molecule identification, concentration level, and NOC sources and origins. Specifically, we have identified and quantified >90 NOC species, with urea being the most abundant, accounting for 39.7 +/- 4.7% of the total NOC followed by free amino acids (FAAs; 21.9 +/- 1.5%), cyclic NOCs (15.3 +/- 4.5%), amines (14.8 +/- 1.5%), alkyl amides (5.8 +/- 0.5%), isocyanates (1.7 +/- 0.2%), and nitriles (1.1 +/- 0.2%). The time series of FAAs was well correlated (r = 0.51-0.68, p < 0.01) with the organic marker of levoglucosan and was moderately correlated with O-x (r = 0.29-0.41, p < 0.01), suggesting biomass burning and secondary formation were important FAAs sources. We also show that amines can be oxidized and/or reacted by aqueous-phase processing to form secondary aerosols, which are further enhanced by the involvement of iron in the catalytic process. Using the receptor model of positive matrix factorization (PMF), six factors were identified including coal combustion, crustal sources, biomass burning, industry-related sources, traffic emissions, and secondary aerosols. Source apportionment of NOC shows biomass burning was the dominant factor, accounting for 31.8% of the total NOCs. This study provides a unique dataset of NOCs at this regional background site in the NCP, with the insights of NOC chemical composition and sources gained in this study being important for future NOC modeling as well as NOC health effects studies.
KeywordNitrogen-containing organic compounds Source apportionment Receptor model North China Plain
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151451
WOS KeywordFINE PARTICULATE MATTER ; POSITIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION ; CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; AMINO-ACIDS ; CARBONACEOUS AEROSOLS ; AIR-QUALITY ; ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS ; SOUTHEASTERN MARGIN ; MULTILINEAR ENGINE
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0203000] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB40000000] ; Sino-Swiss Cooperation on Air Pollution for Better Air[7F-09802.01.02] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[2019402]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Sino-Swiss Cooperation on Air Pollution for Better Air ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000766822300008
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/17596
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
第四纪科学与全球变化卓越创新中心
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiyuan; Lee, Shun-cheng; Cao, Junji
Affiliation1.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
3.CAS Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
4.Desert Res Inst, Div Atmospher Sci, Reno, NV 89512 USA
5.Hong Kong Premium Serv & Res Lab, Kowloon, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
6.Xian Inst Innovat Earth Environm Res, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Key Lab Middle Atmosphere & Global Environm Obser, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Xianghe Observ Whole Atmosphere, Xianghe 065400, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Meng,Wang, Qiyuan,Ho, Steven Sai Hang,et al. Chemical characteristics and sources of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at a regional site in the North China Plain during the transition period of autumn and winter[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2022,812:10.
APA Wang, Meng.,Wang, Qiyuan.,Ho, Steven Sai Hang.,Li, Huan.,Zhang, Renjian.,...&Cao, Junji.(2022).Chemical characteristics and sources of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at a regional site in the North China Plain during the transition period of autumn and winter.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,812,10.
MLA Wang, Meng,et al."Chemical characteristics and sources of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at a regional site in the North China Plain during the transition period of autumn and winter".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 812(2022):10.
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