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Quantification of solid fuel combustion and aqueous chemistry contributions to secondary organic aerosol during wintertime haze events in Beijing
Tong, Yandong1; Pospisilova, Veronika1,3; Qi, Lu1; Duan, Jing2; Gu, Yifang2; Kumar, Varun1; Rai, Pragati1; Stefenelli, Giulia1; Wang, Liwei1; Wang, Ying2; Zhong, Haobin2; Baltensperger, Urs1; Cao, Junji2; Huang, Ru-Jin2; Prevot, Andre S. H.1; Slowik, Jay G.1
Corresponding AuthorSlowik, Jay G.(jay.slowik@psi.ch)
2021-07-01
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
ISSN1680-7316
Volume21Issue:12Pages:9859-9886
AbstractIn recent years, intense haze events in megacities such as Beijing have received significant attention. Although secondary organic aerosol (SOA) has been identified as a major contributor to such events, knowledge of its sources and formation mechanisms remains uncertain. We investigate this question through the first field deployment of the extractive electrospray ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometer (EESI-TOF) in Beijing, together with an Aerodyne long-time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (L-TOF AMS). Measurements were performed during autumn and winter 2017, capturing the transition from non-heating to heating seasons. Source apportionment resolved four factors related to primary organic aerosols (traffic, cooking, biomass burning, and coal combustion), as well as four related to SOA. Of the SOA factors, two were related to solid fuel combustion (SFC), one to SOA generated from aqueous chemistry, and one to mixed/indeterminate sources. The SFC factors were identified from spectral signatures corresponding to aromatic oxidation products, while the aqueous SOA factor was characterised by signatures of small organic acids and diacids and unusually low CO+/CO2+ fragment ratios measured by the AMS. Solid fuel combustion was the dominant source of SOA during the heating season. However, a comparably intense haze event was also observed in the non-heating season and was dominated by the aqueous SOA factor. During this event, aqueous chemistry was promoted by the combination of high relative humidity and air masses passing over high-NOx regions to the south and east of Beijing, leading to high particulate nitrate. The resulting high liquid water content was highly correlated with the concentration of the aqueous SOA factor. These results highlight the strong compositional variability between different haze events, indicating the need to consider multiple formation pathways and precursor sources to describe SOA during intense haze events in Beijing.
DOI10.5194/acp-21-9859-2021
WOS KeywordSPECTROMETER EESI-TOF ; TIANJIN-HEBEI BTH ; MASS-SPECTROMETER ; HIGH-RESOLUTION ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION ; AIR-POLLUTION ; PARTICULATE-MATTER ; SUBMICRON AEROSOLS ; OXIDATIVE STRESS
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectSwiss National Science Foundation[BSSGI0_155846] ; EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme via the ERA-PLANET project SMURBS[689443] ; National Research Program for Key Issues in Air Pollution Control[DQGG0105] ; National Natural Science Foundation[21661132005] ; National Natural Science Foundation[41925015] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDBS-LY-DQC001] ; SDC Clean Air China Programme[7F-09802.01.03] ; SNF projects[200020_188624] ; SNF projects[200021_162448] ; SNF projects[IZLCZ2_169986]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Funding OrganizationSwiss National Science Foundation ; EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme via the ERA-PLANET project SMURBS ; National Research Program for Key Issues in Air Pollution Control ; National Natural Science Foundation ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; SDC Clean Air China Programme ; SNF projects
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000670319200002
PublisherCOPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/16835
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorSlowik, Jay G.
Affiliation1.Paul Scherrer Inst PSI, Lab Atmospher Chem, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, Xian, Peoples R China
3.Tofwerk AG, Uttigenstr 22, CH-3600 Thun, Switzerland
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tong, Yandong,Pospisilova, Veronika,Qi, Lu,et al. Quantification of solid fuel combustion and aqueous chemistry contributions to secondary organic aerosol during wintertime haze events in Beijing[J]. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,2021,21(12):9859-9886.
APA Tong, Yandong.,Pospisilova, Veronika.,Qi, Lu.,Duan, Jing.,Gu, Yifang.,...&Slowik, Jay G..(2021).Quantification of solid fuel combustion and aqueous chemistry contributions to secondary organic aerosol during wintertime haze events in Beijing.ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,21(12),9859-9886.
MLA Tong, Yandong,et al."Quantification of solid fuel combustion and aqueous chemistry contributions to secondary organic aerosol during wintertime haze events in Beijing".ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 21.12(2021):9859-9886.
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