IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Impacts of primary emissions and secondary aerosol formation on air pollution in an urban area of China during the COVID-19 lockdown
Tian, Jie1,2,3; Wang, Qiyuan1,2,3; Zhang, Yong1; Yan, Mengyuan4; Liu, Huikun1; Zhang, Ningning1; Ran, Weikang1; Cao, Junji1,2,3
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiyuan(wangqy@ieecas.cn) ; Cao, Junji(cao@loess.llqg.ac.cn)
2021-05-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0160-4120
Volume150Pages:14
AbstractRestrictions on human activities were implemented in China to cope with the outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), providing an opportunity to investigate the impacts of anthropogenic emissions on air quality. Intensive real-time measurements were made to compare primary emissions and secondary aerosol formation in Xi?an, China before and during the COVID-19 lockdown. Decreases in mass concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and its components were observed during the lockdown with reductions of 32-51%. The dominant contributor of PM was organic aerosol (OA), and results of a hybrid environmental receptor model indicated OA was composed of four primary OA (POA) factors (hydrocarbon-like OA (HOA), cooking OA (COA), biomass burning OA (BBOA), and coal combustion OA (CCOA)) and two oxygenated OA (OOA) factors (less oxidized OOA (LO-OOA) and more-oxidized OOA (MO-OOA)). The mass concentrations of OA factors decreased from before to during the lockdown over a range of 17% to 58%, and they were affected by control measures and secondary processes. Correlations of secondary aerosols/Delta CO with Ox (NO2 + O-3) and aerosol liquid water content indicated that photochemical oxidation had a greater effect on the formation of nitrate and two OOAs than sulfate; however, aqueous-phase reaction presented a more complex effect on secondary aerosols formation at different relative humidity condition. The formation efficiencies of secondary aerosols were enhanced during the lockdown as the increase of atmospheric oxidation capacity. Analyses of pollution episodes highlighted the importance of OA, especially the LO-OOA, for air pollution during the lockdown.
KeywordCOVID-19 Submicron aerosol Source apportionment Secondary formation
DOI10.1016/j.envint.2021.106426
WOS KeywordRESOLVED CHEMICAL-CHARACTERIZATION ; POSITIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION ; PRIMARY ORGANIC AEROSOL ; YANGTZE-RIVER DELTA ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; MASS-SPECTROMETER ; SEASONAL-VARIATIONS ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; SUBMICRON AEROSOLS ; AQUEOUS-PHASE
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectKey Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province[2018-ZDXM3-01] ; Sino-Swiss Cooperation on Air Pollution for Better Air[7F-09802.01.02] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[2019402] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[NSFC 21661132005] ; West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XAB2019B05] ; National Atmospheric Research Program[2017YFC0212200] ; Key Deployment Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2017-6]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Funding OrganizationKey Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province ; Sino-Swiss Cooperation on Air Pollution for Better Air ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Atmospheric Research Program ; Key Deployment Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000626346000007
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/16171
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
第四纪科学与全球变化卓越创新中心
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiyuan; Cao, Junji
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
3.Shaanxi Key Lab Atmospher & Haze Fog Pollut Preve, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
4.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Human Settlements & Civil Engn, Xian 710049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tian, Jie,Wang, Qiyuan,Zhang, Yong,et al. Impacts of primary emissions and secondary aerosol formation on air pollution in an urban area of China during the COVID-19 lockdown[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2021,150:14.
APA Tian, Jie.,Wang, Qiyuan.,Zhang, Yong.,Yan, Mengyuan.,Liu, Huikun.,...&Cao, Junji.(2021).Impacts of primary emissions and secondary aerosol formation on air pollution in an urban area of China during the COVID-19 lockdown.ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,150,14.
MLA Tian, Jie,et al."Impacts of primary emissions and secondary aerosol formation on air pollution in an urban area of China during the COVID-19 lockdown".ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 150(2021):14.
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