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Mineralogical Record for Stepwise Hydroclimatic Changes in Lake Qinghai Sediments Since the Last Glacial Period
Song, Yougui1,2; Zong, Xiulan1,3; Qian, Linbo4; Liu, Huifang1; Dong, Jibao1,2; Chang, Hong1,2; Zhang, Mingyu5
Corresponding AuthorSong, Yougui(syg@ieecas.cn)
2020-11-01
Source PublicationMINERALS
Volume10Issue:11Pages:19
AbstractLake Qinghai is sensitive to climatic changes because of its pivotal location between mid-latitude Westerlies and the low-latitude East Asian monsoon. An 18.6 m long drilling core (1Fs) from Lake Qinghai provides new information on the hydroclimatic dynamics since the last glacial period. Here, we present the results of bulk mineral assemblages of this core. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed that the bulk minerals of the core sediments consist of major clastic minerals (e.g., quartz, feldspar, muscovite), carbonates (e.g., calcite, aragonite, dolomite), and minor clay minerals (e.g., chlorite). Quartz as an exogenous detrital mineral in lake sediments, its abundance is related to lake level changes resulting from regional climate changes via fluvial/aeolian transportation. Aragonite was precipitated from water solutions or chemical alteration of pre-existing minerals or biogenic mediation, closely related to lake hydroclimate change. Mineral assemblages revealed remarkable stepwise hydroclimatic changes. High quartz content and low calcite without aragonite suggested a cold-wet climate condition under predominant westerlies during the last glacial period from 35 to 25.3 ka. Afterward, quartz decreased and aragonite occasionally appeared, indicating an unstable hydroclimatic condition during the last deglaciation. Since the Early Holocene (11.9-8.2 ka), predominant minerals shifted from terrigenous quartz to authigenic carbonates, suggesting an increasing lake level, possibly due to intensified Asian summer monsoon with increased effective moisture. Aragonite became the primary carbonate mineral, implying a warming and humid hydroclimate environment with a relatively higher lake-level. During the Middle Holocene (8.2-4.2 ka), aragonite showed a decreasing trend indicating a higher lake level with weak evaporation. During the Late Holocene since 4.2 ka, there were lower quartz and aragonite, suggesting a deep lake with a weak summer monsoon. Our quartz and carbonate minerals record provided essential clues to reconstruct hydroclimate change in Lake Qinghai since the last glacial period.
Keywordbulk mineral quartz aragonite carbonate the last glacial period Holocene hydroclimate Lake Qinghai
DOI10.3390/min10110963
WOS KeywordNE TIBETAN PLATEAU ; GRAIN-SIZE ; ASIAN MONSOON ; ISOTOPE RECORDS ; QUARTZ GRAINS ; HOLOCENE ; CHINA ; VARIABILITY ; EVENTS ; BASIN
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB40000000] ; State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology grant[SKLLQGPY2006] ; External Cooperation Program grant of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[132B61KYSB20170005] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41572162] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[40972230]
WOS Research AreaMineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology grant ; External Cooperation Program grant of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS SubjectMineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS IDWOS:000593681000001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/15597
Collection古环境研究室
第四纪科学与全球变化卓越创新中心
Corresponding AuthorSong, Yougui
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Xingtai Univ, Sch Resource & Environm, Xingtai 054000, Peoples R China
5.Xian Inst Innovat Earth Environm Res, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Song, Yougui,Zong, Xiulan,Qian, Linbo,et al. Mineralogical Record for Stepwise Hydroclimatic Changes in Lake Qinghai Sediments Since the Last Glacial Period[J]. MINERALS,2020,10(11):19.
APA Song, Yougui.,Zong, Xiulan.,Qian, Linbo.,Liu, Huifang.,Dong, Jibao.,...&Zhang, Mingyu.(2020).Mineralogical Record for Stepwise Hydroclimatic Changes in Lake Qinghai Sediments Since the Last Glacial Period.MINERALS,10(11),19.
MLA Song, Yougui,et al."Mineralogical Record for Stepwise Hydroclimatic Changes in Lake Qinghai Sediments Since the Last Glacial Period".MINERALS 10.11(2020):19.
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