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Ozone enhancement due to the photodissociation of nitrous acid in eastern China
Tie, Xuexi1,2,3; Long, Xin1,5; Li, Guohui1; Zhao, Shuyu1; Cao, Junji1; Xu, Jianming2,4
Corresponding AuthorTie, Xuexi( ; Xu, Jianming(
AbstractPM2.5, particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 mu m or less, is one of the major components of air pollution in eastern China. In the past few years, China's government has made strong efforts to reduce PM2.5 pollution. However, another important pollutant (ozone) is becoming a problem in eastern China. Ozone (O-3) is produced by photochemistry, which requires solar radiation for the formation of O-3. Under heavy PM2.5 pollution, solar radiation is often depressed, and the photochemical production of O-3 is prohibited. This study shows that during late spring and early fall in eastern China, under heavy PM2.5 pollution, there was often strong O-3 photochemical production, causing a co-occurrence of high PM2.5 and O3 concentrations. This co-occurrence of high PM2.5 and O-3 is unusual and is the main focus of this study. Recent measurements show that there were often high HONO surface concentrations in major Chinese megacities, especially during daytime, with maximum concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 2 ppbv. It is also interesting to note that high HONO concentrations occurred during high aerosol concentration periods, suggesting that there were additional HONO surface sources in eastern China. Under high daytime HONO concentrations, HONO can be photodissociated to OH radicals, which enhance the photochemical production of O-3. In order to study the above scientific issues, a radiative transfer model (TUV; tropospheric ultraviolet-visible) is used in this study, and a chemical steady-state model is established to calculate OH radical concentrations. The calculations show that by including the OH production of photodissociated HONO, the calculated OH concentrations are significantly higher than the values without including this production. For example, by including HONO production, the maximum OH concentration under high aerosol conditions (AOD = 2.5) is similar to the value under low aerosol conditions (AOD = 0.25) in the no-HONO case. This result suggests that even under high aerosol conditions, the chemical oxidizing process for O-3 production can occur, which explains the co-occurrence of high PM2.5 and high O-3 in late spring and early fall in eastern China. However, the O-3 concentrations were not significantly affected by the appearance of HONO in winter. This study shows that the seasonal variation of solar radiation plays important roles for controlling the OH production in winter. Because solar radiation is at a very low level in winter, adding the photolysis of HONO has a smaller effect in winter than in other seasons, and OH remains at low values by including the HONO production term. This study provides some important scientific insight to better understand O-3 pollution in eastern China.
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41430424] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41730108]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000484560600001
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Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorTie, Xuexi; Xu, Jianming
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, SKLLQG, KLACP, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Shanghai Typhoon Inst, Shanghai Meteorol Serv, Shanghai 200135, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Urban Environm, Ctr Excellence Urban Atmospher Environm, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, Peoples R China
4.Shanghai Key Lab Meteorol & Hlth, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
5.Southern Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tie, Xuexi,Long, Xin,Li, Guohui,et al. Ozone enhancement due to the photodissociation of nitrous acid in eastern China[J]. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,2019,19(17):11267-11278.
APA Tie, Xuexi,Long, Xin,Li, Guohui,Zhao, Shuyu,Cao, Junji,&Xu, Jianming.(2019).Ozone enhancement due to the photodissociation of nitrous acid in eastern China.ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,19(17),11267-11278.
MLA Tie, Xuexi,et al."Ozone enhancement due to the photodissociation of nitrous acid in eastern China".ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 19.17(2019):11267-11278.
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