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How Far North Did the African Monsoon Fringe Expand During the African Humid Period? Insights From Southwest Moroccan Speleothems
Sha, Lijuan1; Brahim, Yassine Ait1; Wassenburg, Jasper A.2; Yin, Jianjun3; Peros, Matthew4; Cruz, Francisco W.5; Cai, Yanjun1,6; Li, Hanying1; Du, Wenjing1; Zhang, Haiwei1; Edwards, R. Lawrence7; Cheng, Hai1,7
Corresponding AuthorCheng, Hai(cheng021@xjtu.edu.cn)
2019-12-16
Source PublicationGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
ISSN0094-8276
Volume46Issue:23Pages:14093-14102
AbstractWe present new high-resolution oxygen isotope (delta O-18) records from three NW African speleothems located at 31 degrees N. The present-day rainfall patterns at 31 degrees N in NW Africa are linked to negative winter North Atlantic Oscillation phases. However, on multimillennial time scales, our delta O-18 records, together with other hydroclimate records, provide new evidence of humid conditions during the mid-Holocene, a period that was presumably characterized by arid climate. Thus, the apparent increase in moisture during the mid-Holocene is interpreted better as an increase in summer rainfall. This is most likely linked to the expansion of the West African summer monsoon fringe during the African Humid Period, which terminated in our record abruptly around 4 Kyr BP. The temporospatial difference with speleothem records from N Morocco suggests that the High-Atlas Mountains might have been a topographic barrier to further expansion of the West African summer monsoon fringe into higher latitudes. Plain Language Summary The Holocene African Humid Period in North Africa, characterized by the expansion of vegetation into the Green Sahara, has been linked to the intensification of the West African summer monsoon (WASM). However, the temporospatial pattern of the African Humid Period, especially the northernmost expansion of the WASM, remain a matter of controversy, largely owing to the lack of precisely dated and high-resolution paleoclimatic records. This study presents new highresolution paleoclimate data based on speleothem oxygen isotope records from a key site at 31 degrees N in NW Africa. Our data suggest that the WASM expanded to 31 degrees N in NW Africa during the mid-Holocene and terminated abruptly at 4 Kyr BP.
KeywordAfrican Humid Period speleothem delta O-18 records Holocene abrupt climate change West African summer monsoon
DOI10.1029/2019GL084879
WOS KeywordATLANTIC OSCILLATION ; HOLOCENE CLIMATE ; SAHARA ; PRECIPITATION ; OXYGEN ; TERMINATION ; VARIABILITY ; EVOLUTION ; HYDROCLIMATE ; MECHANISMS
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNSFC[41888101] ; NSFC[41472140] ; NSFC[41731174] ; NSFC[41561144003] ; U.S. NSF[1702816] ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China[2018M640971]
WOS Research AreaGeology
Funding OrganizationNSFC ; U.S. NSF ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000502462500001
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/13052
Collection现代环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorCheng, Hai
Affiliation1.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Inst Global Environm Change, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Max Planck Inst Chem, Climate Geochem Dept, Mainz, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Geol Sci, Inst Karst Geol, Key Lab Karst Dynam, MNR & Guangxi, Guilin, Peoples R China
4.Bishops Univ, Dept Environm & Geog, Sherbrooke, PQ, Canada
5.Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
7.Univ Minnesota, Dept Earth Sci, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sha, Lijuan,Brahim, Yassine Ait,Wassenburg, Jasper A.,et al. How Far North Did the African Monsoon Fringe Expand During the African Humid Period? Insights From Southwest Moroccan Speleothems[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2019,46(23):14093-14102.
APA Sha, Lijuan.,Brahim, Yassine Ait.,Wassenburg, Jasper A..,Yin, Jianjun.,Peros, Matthew.,...&Cheng, Hai.(2019).How Far North Did the African Monsoon Fringe Expand During the African Humid Period? Insights From Southwest Moroccan Speleothems.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,46(23),14093-14102.
MLA Sha, Lijuan,et al."How Far North Did the African Monsoon Fringe Expand During the African Humid Period? Insights From Southwest Moroccan Speleothems".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 46.23(2019):14093-14102.
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