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Wintertime aerosol dominated by solid-fuel-burning emissions across Ireland: insight into the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol
Lin, Chunshui1,2,3,4; Ceburnis, Darius1; Huang, Ru-Jin1,2,3,4; Xu, Wei1,2,3; Spohn, Teresa1; Martin, Damien1; Buckley, Paul5,6; Wenger, John5,6; Hellebust, Stig5,6; Rinaldi, Matteo7; Facchini, Maria Cristina7; O'Dowd, Colin1; Oyadneyaite, Jurgita1
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Ru-Jin(rujin.huang@ieecas.cn) ; O'Dowd, Colin(colin.odowd@nuigalway.ie)
2019-11-22
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
ISSN1680-7316
Volume19Issue:22Pages:14091-14106
AbstractTo gain insight into the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol, a nationwide characterization of wintertime PM1 was performed using an aerosol chemical speciation monitor (ACSM) and aethalometer at four representative sites across Ireland. Dublin, the capital city of Ireland, was the most polluted area with an average PM1 concentration of 8.6 mu gm(-3), ranging from < 0.5 to 146.8 mu gm(-3) in December 2016. The PM1 in Dublin was mainly composed of carbonaceous aerosol (organic aerosol (OA) + black carbon (BC)), which, on average, accounted for 80% of total PM1 mass during the monitoring period. Birr, a small town in the midlands area of Ireland with a population < 1% of that in Dublin, showed an average PM1 concentration (4.8 mu gm(-3), ranging from < 0.5 to 63.0 mu gm(-3) in December 2015) of around half that (56 %) in Dublin. Similarly, the PM1 in Birr was also mainly composed of carbonaceous aerosol, accounting for 77% of total PM1 mass. OA source apportionment results show that local emissions from residential heating were the dominant contributors (65 %-74% of the OA) at the two sites, with solid fuel burning, on average, contributing 48 %-50% of the total OA. On the other hand, Carnsore Point and Mace Head, which are both regional background coastal sites, showed lower average PM1 concentrations (2.2 mu gm(-3) for Carnsore Point in December 2016 and 0.7 mu gm(-3) for Mace Head in January 2013) due to the distance from emission sources. Both sites were dominated by secondary aerosol comprising oxygenated OA (OOA), nitrate, sulfate, and ammonium. This nationwide source apportionment study highlights the large contribution of residential solid fuel burning to urban air pollution and identifies specific sources that should be targeted to improve air quality. On the other hand, this study also shows that rural and coastal areas are dominated by secondary aerosol from regional transport, which is more difficult to tackle. Detailed characterization of the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol in this relatively less studied western European region has significant implications for air quality policies and mitigation strategies, as well as for regional-transport aerosol modeling.
DOI10.5194/acp-19-14091-2019
WOS KeywordSECONDARY ORGANIC AEROSOL ; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT ; AIR-POLLUTION ; WOOD ; CARBON ; ME-2 ; AETHALOMETER ; COMBUSTION ; PARTICLES ; MORTALITY
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectEPA Ireland AEROSOURCE[2016-CCRP-MS-31] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[91644219] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41877408] ; China Scholarship Council[201506310020] ; COST Action[CA16109] ; SAPPHIRE project[2013-EH-MS-15] ; Irish Research Council[GOIPG/2015/3051]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Funding OrganizationEPA Ireland AEROSOURCE ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; China Scholarship Council ; COST Action ; SAPPHIRE project ; Irish Research Council
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000498809000003
PublisherCOPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/13003
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
第四纪科学与全球变化卓越创新中心
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Ru-Jin; O'Dowd, Colin
Affiliation1.Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Ryan Inst, Sch Phys, Ctr Climate & Air Pollut Studies, Univ Rd, Galway H91 CF50, Ireland
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aerosol Chem & Phys, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
5.Univ Coll Cork, Sch Chem, Cork, Ireland
6.Univ Coll Cork, Environm Res Inst, Cork, Ireland
7.CNR, Ist Sci Atmosfera & Clima, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lin, Chunshui,Ceburnis, Darius,Huang, Ru-Jin,et al. Wintertime aerosol dominated by solid-fuel-burning emissions across Ireland: insight into the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol[J]. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,2019,19(22):14091-14106.
APA Lin, Chunshui.,Ceburnis, Darius.,Huang, Ru-Jin.,Xu, Wei.,Spohn, Teresa.,...&Oyadneyaite, Jurgita.(2019).Wintertime aerosol dominated by solid-fuel-burning emissions across Ireland: insight into the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol.ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS,19(22),14091-14106.
MLA Lin, Chunshui,et al."Wintertime aerosol dominated by solid-fuel-burning emissions across Ireland: insight into the spatial and chemical variation in submicron aerosol".ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 19.22(2019):14091-14106.
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